## 2016 |

## Journal Articles |

Bocharova, Irina E; i Fàbregas, Albert Guillén; Kudryashov, Boris D; Martinez, Alfonso; Campo, Adria Tauste; Vazquez-Vilar, Gonzalo Multi-Class Source-Channel Coding Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 62 (9), pp. 5093 – 5104, 2016. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Channel Coding, Complexity theory, error probability, Indexes, Journal, Maximum likelihood decoding @article{Bocharova2016, title = {Multi-Class Source-Channel Coding}, author = {Irina E Bocharova and Albert Guillén i Fàbregas and Boris D Kudryashov and Alfonso Martinez and Adria Tauste Campo and Gonzalo Vazquez-Vilar}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.8714}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-09-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Theory}, volume = {62}, number = {9}, pages = {5093 -- 5104}, abstract = {This paper studies an almost-lossless source-channel coding scheme in which source messages are assigned to different classes and encoded with a channel code that depends on the class index. The code performance is analyzed by means of random-coding error exponents and validated by simulation of a low-complexity implementation using existing source and channel codes. While each class code can be seen as a concatenation of a source code and a channel code, the overall performance improves on that of separate source-channel coding and approaches that of joint source-channel coding when the number of classes increases.}, keywords = {Channel Coding, Complexity theory, error probability, Indexes, Journal, Maximum likelihood decoding}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } This paper studies an almost-lossless source-channel coding scheme in which source messages are assigned to different classes and encoded with a channel code that depends on the class index. The code performance is analyzed by means of random-coding error exponents and validated by simulation of a low-complexity implementation using existing source and channel codes. While each class code can be seen as a concatenation of a source code and a channel code, the overall performance improves on that of separate source-channel coding and approaches that of joint source-channel coding when the number of classes increases. |

Vazquez-Vilar, Gonzalo; Campo, Adria Tauste; i Fabregas, Albert Guillen; Martinez, Alfonso Bayesian M-Ary Hypothesis Testing: The Meta-Converse and Verdú-Han Bounds Are Tight Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 62 (5), pp. 2324–2333, 2016, ISSN: 0018-9448. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Bayes methods, Channel Coding, Electronic mail, error probability, Journal, Random variables, Testing @article{Vazquez-Vilar2016, title = {Bayesian M-Ary Hypothesis Testing: The Meta-Converse and Verdú-Han Bounds Are Tight}, author = {Gonzalo Vazquez-Vilar and Adria Tauste Campo and Albert Guillen i Fabregas and Alfonso Martinez}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7434042}, doi = {10.1109/TIT.2016.2542080}, issn = {0018-9448}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-05-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Theory}, volume = {62}, number = {5}, pages = {2324--2333}, abstract = {Two alternative exact characterizations of the minimum error probability of Bayesian M-ary hypothesis testing are derived. The first expression corresponds to the error probability of an induced binary hypothesis test and implies the tightness of the meta-converse bound by Polyanskiy et al.; the second expression is a function of an information-spectrum measure and implies the tightness of a generalized Verdú-Han lower bound. The formulas characterize the minimum error probability of several problems in information theory and help to identify the steps where existing converse bounds are loose.}, keywords = {Bayes methods, Channel Coding, Electronic mail, error probability, Journal, Random variables, Testing}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } Two alternative exact characterizations of the minimum error probability of Bayesian M-ary hypothesis testing are derived. The first expression corresponds to the error probability of an induced binary hypothesis test and implies the tightness of the meta-converse bound by Polyanskiy et al.; the second expression is a function of an information-spectrum measure and implies the tightness of a generalized Verdú-Han lower bound. The formulas characterize the minimum error probability of several problems in information theory and help to identify the steps where existing converse bounds are loose. |

## 2015 |

## Journal Articles |

Olmos, Pablo M; Urbanke, Rudiger L A Scaling Law to Predict the Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 61 (6), pp. 3164–3184, 2015, ISSN: 0018-9448. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: asymptotic analysis, asymptotic properties, binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, Codes on graphs, Couplings, Decoding, Differential equations, error probability, finite length performance, finite length spatially coupled code, finite-length code performance, finite-length performance, Iterative decoding, iterative decoding thresholds, parity check codes, Probability, SC-LDPC codes, scaling law, Sockets, spatially coupled LDPC codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes @article{Olmos2015c, title = {A Scaling Law to Predict the Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes}, author = {Pablo M Olmos and Rudiger L Urbanke}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7086074}, doi = {10.1109/TIT.2015.2422816}, issn = {0018-9448}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-06-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Theory}, volume = {61}, number = {6}, pages = {3164--3184}, abstract = {Spatially-coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) codes are known to have excellent asymptotic properties. Much less is known regarding their finite-length performance. We propose a scaling law to predict the error probability of finite-length spatially coupled code ensembles when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel. We discuss how the parameters of the scaling law are connected to fundamental quantities appearing in the asymptotic analysis of these ensembles and we verify that the predictions of the scaling law fit well to the data derived from simulations over a wide range of parameters. The ultimate goal of this line of research is to develop analytic tools for the design of SC-LDPC codes under practical constraints.}, keywords = {asymptotic analysis, asymptotic properties, binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, Codes on graphs, Couplings, Decoding, Differential equations, error probability, finite length performance, finite length spatially coupled code, finite-length code performance, finite-length performance, Iterative decoding, iterative decoding thresholds, parity check codes, Probability, SC-LDPC codes, scaling law, Sockets, spatially coupled LDPC codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } Spatially-coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) codes are known to have excellent asymptotic properties. Much less is known regarding their finite-length performance. We propose a scaling law to predict the error probability of finite-length spatially coupled code ensembles when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel. We discuss how the parameters of the scaling law are connected to fundamental quantities appearing in the asymptotic analysis of these ensembles and we verify that the predictions of the scaling law fit well to the data derived from simulations over a wide range of parameters. The ultimate goal of this line of research is to develop analytic tools for the design of SC-LDPC codes under practical constraints. |

Olmos, Pablo M; Urbanke, Rudiger L A Scaling Law to Predict the Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 61 (6), pp. 3164–3184, 2015, ISSN: 0018-9448. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: asymptotic analysis, asymptotic properties, binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, Codes on graphs, Couplings, Decoding, Differential equations, error probability, finite length performance, finite length spatially coupled code, finite-length code performance, finite-length performance, Iterative decoding, iterative decoding thresholds, Journal, parity check codes, Probability, SC-LDPC codes, scaling law, Sockets, spatially coupled LDPC codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes @article{Olmos2015bb, title = {A Scaling Law to Predict the Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes}, author = {Pablo M Olmos and Rudiger L Urbanke}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7086074}, doi = {10.1109/TIT.2015.2422816}, issn = {0018-9448}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-06-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Theory}, volume = {61}, number = {6}, pages = {3164--3184}, abstract = {Spatially-coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) codes are known to have excellent asymptotic properties. Much less is known regarding their finite-length performance. We propose a scaling law to predict the error probability of finite-length spatially coupled code ensembles when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel. We discuss how the parameters of the scaling law are connected to fundamental quantities appearing in the asymptotic analysis of these ensembles and we verify that the predictions of the scaling law fit well to the data derived from simulations over a wide range of parameters. The ultimate goal of this line of research is to develop analytic tools for the design of SC-LDPC codes under practical constraints.}, keywords = {asymptotic analysis, asymptotic properties, binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, Codes on graphs, Couplings, Decoding, Differential equations, error probability, finite length performance, finite length spatially coupled code, finite-length code performance, finite-length performance, Iterative decoding, iterative decoding thresholds, Journal, parity check codes, Probability, SC-LDPC codes, scaling law, Sockets, spatially coupled LDPC codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } Spatially-coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) codes are known to have excellent asymptotic properties. Much less is known regarding their finite-length performance. We propose a scaling law to predict the error probability of finite-length spatially coupled code ensembles when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel. We discuss how the parameters of the scaling law are connected to fundamental quantities appearing in the asymptotic analysis of these ensembles and we verify that the predictions of the scaling law fit well to the data derived from simulations over a wide range of parameters. The ultimate goal of this line of research is to develop analytic tools for the design of SC-LDPC codes under practical constraints. |

## Inproceedings |

Olmos, Pablo M; Mitchell, David G M; Costello, Daniel J Analyzing the Finite-Length Performance of Generalized LDPC Codes Inproceedings 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), pp. 2683–2687, IEEE, Hong Kong, 2015, ISBN: 978-1-4673-7704-1. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: BEC, binary codes, binary erasure channel, Block codes, Codes on graphs, Decoding, Differential equations, error probability, finite-length generalized LDPC block codes, finite-length performance analysis, generalized LDPC codes, generalized peeling decoder, GLDPC block codes, graph degree distribution, graph theory, Iterative decoding, parity check codes, protographs @inproceedings{Olmos2015b, title = {Analyzing the Finite-Length Performance of Generalized LDPC Codes}, author = {Pablo M Olmos and David G M Mitchell and Daniel J Costello}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7282943}, doi = {10.1109/ISIT.2015.7282943}, isbn = {978-1-4673-7704-1}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-06-01}, booktitle = {2015 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)}, pages = {2683--2687}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Hong Kong}, abstract = {In this paper, we analyze the performance of finite-length generalized LDPC (GLDPC) block codes constructed from protographs when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel (BEC). A generalized peeling decoder is proposed and we derive a system of differential equations that gives the expected evolution of the graph degree distribution during decoding. We then show that the finite-length performance of a GLDPC code can be estimated by means of a simple scaling law, where a single scaling parameter represents the finite-length properties of the code. We also show that, as we consider stronger component codes, both the asymptotic threshold and the finite-length scaling parameter are improved.}, keywords = {BEC, binary codes, binary erasure channel, Block codes, Codes on graphs, Decoding, Differential equations, error probability, finite-length generalized LDPC block codes, finite-length performance analysis, generalized LDPC codes, generalized peeling decoder, GLDPC block codes, graph degree distribution, graph theory, Iterative decoding, parity check codes, protographs}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In this paper, we analyze the performance of finite-length generalized LDPC (GLDPC) block codes constructed from protographs when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel (BEC). A generalized peeling decoder is proposed and we derive a system of differential equations that gives the expected evolution of the graph degree distribution during decoding. We then show that the finite-length performance of a GLDPC code can be estimated by means of a simple scaling law, where a single scaling parameter represents the finite-length properties of the code. We also show that, as we consider stronger component codes, both the asymptotic threshold and the finite-length scaling parameter are improved. |

Vazquez-Vilar, Gonzalo; Martinez, Alfonso; i Fabregas, Albert Guillen A derivation of the Cost-Constrained Sphere-Packing Exponent Inproceedings 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), pp. 929–933, IEEE, Hong Kong, 2015, ISBN: 978-1-4673-7704-1. Links | BibTeX | Tags: Channel Coding, channel-coding cost-constrained sphere-packing exp, continuous channel, continuous memoryless channel, cost constraint, error probability, hypothesis testing, Lead, Memoryless systems, Optimization, per-codeword cost constraint, reliability function, spherepacking exponent, Testing @inproceedings{Vazquez-Vilar2015, title = {A derivation of the Cost-Constrained Sphere-Packing Exponent}, author = {Gonzalo Vazquez-Vilar and Alfonso Martinez and Albert Guillen i Fabregas}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7282591}, doi = {10.1109/ISIT.2015.7282591}, isbn = {978-1-4673-7704-1}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-06-01}, booktitle = {2015 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)}, pages = {929--933}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Hong Kong}, keywords = {Channel Coding, channel-coding cost-constrained sphere-packing exp, continuous channel, continuous memoryless channel, cost constraint, error probability, hypothesis testing, Lead, Memoryless systems, Optimization, per-codeword cost constraint, reliability function, spherepacking exponent, Testing}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } |

## 2014 |

## Journal Articles |

Campo, Adria Tauste; Vazquez-Vilar, Gonzalo; i Fàbregas, Albert Guillén; Koch, Tobias; Martinez, Alfonso A Derivation of the Source-Channel Error Exponent Using Nonidentical Product Distributions Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 60 (6), pp. 3209–3217, 2014, ISSN: 0018-9448. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: ALCIT, Channel Coding, COMONSENS, DEIPRO, error probability, joint source-channel coding, Joints, MobileNET, Probability distribution, product distributions, random coding, Reliability, reliability function, sphere-packing bound, Upper bound @article{TausteCampo2014, title = {A Derivation of the Source-Channel Error Exponent Using Nonidentical Product Distributions}, author = {Adria Tauste Campo and Gonzalo Vazquez-Vilar and Albert Guillén i Fàbregas and Tobias Koch and Alfonso Martinez}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6803047 http://www.tsc.uc3m.es/~koch/files/IEEE_TIT_60(6).pdf}, issn = {0018-9448}, year = {2014}, date = {2014-01-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Theory}, volume = {60}, number = {6}, pages = {3209--3217}, publisher = {IEEE}, abstract = {This paper studies the random-coding exponent of joint source-channel coding for a scheme where source messages are assigned to disjoint subsets (referred to as classes), and codewords are independently generated according to a distribution that depends on the class index of the source message. For discrete memoryless systems, two optimally chosen classes and product distributions are found to be sufficient to attain the sphere-packing exponent in those cases where it is tight.}, keywords = {ALCIT, Channel Coding, COMONSENS, DEIPRO, error probability, joint source-channel coding, Joints, MobileNET, Probability distribution, product distributions, random coding, Reliability, reliability function, sphere-packing bound, Upper bound}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } This paper studies the random-coding exponent of joint source-channel coding for a scheme where source messages are assigned to disjoint subsets (referred to as classes), and codewords are independently generated according to a distribution that depends on the class index of the source message. For discrete memoryless systems, two optimally chosen classes and product distributions are found to be sufficient to attain the sphere-packing exponent in those cases where it is tight. |

Yang, Wei; Durisi, Giuseppe; Koch, Tobias; Polyanskiy, Yury Quasi-Static Multiple-Antenna Fading Channels at Finite Blocklength Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 60 (7), pp. 4232–4265, 2014, ISSN: 0018-9448. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: channel dispersion, Decoding, error probability, finite blocklength regime, MIMO, MIMO channel, outage probability, quasi-static fading channel, Rayleigh channels, Receivers, Transmitters @article{Yang2014b, title = {Quasi-Static Multiple-Antenna Fading Channels at Finite Blocklength}, author = {Wei Yang and Giuseppe Durisi and Tobias Koch and Yury Polyanskiy}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6802432 http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.2012}, issn = {0018-9448}, year = {2014}, date = {2014-01-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Information Theory}, volume = {60}, number = {7}, pages = {4232--4265}, publisher = {IEEE}, abstract = {This paper investigates the maximal achievable rate for a given blocklength and error probability over quasi-static multiple-input multiple-output fading channels, with and without channel state information at the transmitter and/or the receiver. The principal finding is that outage capacity, despite being an asymptotic quantity, is a sharp proxy for the finite-blocklength fundamental limits of slow-fading channels. Specifically, the channel dispersion is shown to be zero regardless of whether the fading realizations are available at both transmitter and receiver, at only one of them, or at neither of them. These results follow from analytically tractable converse and achievability bounds. Numerical evaluation of these bounds verifies that zero dispersion may indeed imply fast convergence to the outage capacity as the blocklength increases. In the example of a particular 1 $,times,$ 2 single-input multiple-output Rician fading channel, the blocklength required to achieve 90% of capacity is about an order of magnitude smaller compared with the blocklength required for an AWGN channel with the same capacity. For this specific scenario, the coding/decoding schemes adopted in the LTE-Advanced standard are benchmarked against the finite-blocklength achievability and converse bounds.}, keywords = {channel dispersion, Decoding, error probability, finite blocklength regime, MIMO, MIMO channel, outage probability, quasi-static fading channel, Rayleigh channels, Receivers, Transmitters}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } This paper investigates the maximal achievable rate for a given blocklength and error probability over quasi-static multiple-input multiple-output fading channels, with and without channel state information at the transmitter and/or the receiver. The principal finding is that outage capacity, despite being an asymptotic quantity, is a sharp proxy for the finite-blocklength fundamental limits of slow-fading channels. Specifically, the channel dispersion is shown to be zero regardless of whether the fading realizations are available at both transmitter and receiver, at only one of them, or at neither of them. These results follow from analytically tractable converse and achievability bounds. Numerical evaluation of these bounds verifies that zero dispersion may indeed imply fast convergence to the outage capacity as the blocklength increases. In the example of a particular 1 $,times,$ 2 single-input multiple-output Rician fading channel, the blocklength required to achieve 90% of capacity is about an order of magnitude smaller compared with the blocklength required for an AWGN channel with the same capacity. For this specific scenario, the coding/decoding schemes adopted in the LTE-Advanced standard are benchmarked against the finite-blocklength achievability and converse bounds. |

## Inproceedings |

Olmos, Pablo M; Mitchell, David G M; Truhachev, Dmitry; Costello, Daniel J Improving the Finite-Length Performance of Long SC-LDPC Code Chains by Connecting Consecutive Chains Inproceedings 8th IEEE International Symposium on Turbo Codes & Iterative Information Processing, pp. 72–76, IEEE, Bremen, 2014. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Decoding, Error analysis, error probability, Information processing, parity check codes, Turbo codes @inproceedings{Olmos2014, title = {Improving the Finite-Length Performance of Long SC-LDPC Code Chains by Connecting Consecutive Chains}, author = {Pablo M Olmos and David G M Mitchell and Dmitry Truhachev and Daniel J Costello}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6955088}, year = {2014}, date = {2014-01-01}, booktitle = {8th IEEE International Symposium on Turbo Codes & Iterative Information Processing}, pages = {72--76}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Bremen}, abstract = {We propose a novel encoding/transmission scheme called continuous chain (CC) transmission that is able to improve the finite-length performance of a system using long spatially coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) code chains. First, we show that the decoding of SC-LDPC code chains is more reliable for shorter chain lengths, i.e., the scaling between block error rate and gap to threshold is more favorable for shorter chains. This motivates the use of CC transmission in which, instead of transmitting a sequence of independent codewords from a long SC-LDPC chain, we connect multiple chains in a layered format, where encoding, transmission, and decoding are now performed in a continuous fashion. Finally, we show that CC transmission can be implemented with only a small increase in decoding complexity or delay with respect to a system employing a single SC-LDPC code chain for transmission}, keywords = {Decoding, Error analysis, error probability, Information processing, parity check codes, Turbo codes}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We propose a novel encoding/transmission scheme called continuous chain (CC) transmission that is able to improve the finite-length performance of a system using long spatially coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) code chains. First, we show that the decoding of SC-LDPC code chains is more reliable for shorter chain lengths, i.e., the scaling between block error rate and gap to threshold is more favorable for shorter chains. This motivates the use of CC transmission in which, instead of transmitting a sequence of independent codewords from a long SC-LDPC chain, we connect multiple chains in a layered format, where encoding, transmission, and decoding are now performed in a continuous fashion. Finally, we show that CC transmission can be implemented with only a small increase in decoding complexity or delay with respect to a system employing a single SC-LDPC code chain for transmission |

## 2013 |

## Inproceedings |

Yang, Wei; Durisi, Giuseppe; Koch, Tobias; Polyanskiy, Yury Quasi-Static SIMO Fading Channels at Finite Blocklength Inproceedings 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 1531–1535, IEEE, Istanbul, 2013, ISSN: 2157-8095. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: achievability bounds, AWGN channel, AWGN channels, channel capacity, channel dispersion, channel gains, Dispersion, error probability, error statistics, Fading, fading channels, fading realizations, fast convergence, finite blocklength, maximal achievable rate, numerical evaluation, outage capacity, quasistatic SIMO fading channels, Random variables, Receivers, SIMO Rician channel, single-input multiple-output, Transmitters, zero dispersion @inproceedings{Yang2013a, title = {Quasi-Static SIMO Fading Channels at Finite Blocklength}, author = {Wei Yang and Giuseppe Durisi and Tobias Koch and Yury Polyanskiy}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6620483}, issn = {2157-8095}, year = {2013}, date = {2013-01-01}, booktitle = {2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory}, pages = {1531--1535}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Istanbul}, abstract = {We investigate the maximal achievable rate for a given blocklength and error probability over quasi-static single-input multiple-output (SIMO) fading channels. Under mild conditions on the channel gains, it is shown that the channel dispersion is zero regardless of whether the fading realizations are available at the transmitter and/or the receiver. The result follows from computationally and analytically tractable converse and achievability bounds. Through numerical evaluation, we verify that, in some scenarios, zero dispersion indeed entails fast convergence to outage capacity as the blocklength increases. In the example of a particular 1×2 SIMO Rician channel, the blocklength required to achieve 90% of capacity is about an order of magnitude smaller compared to the blocklength required for an AWGN channel with the same capacity.}, keywords = {achievability bounds, AWGN channel, AWGN channels, channel capacity, channel dispersion, channel gains, Dispersion, error probability, error statistics, Fading, fading channels, fading realizations, fast convergence, finite blocklength, maximal achievable rate, numerical evaluation, outage capacity, quasistatic SIMO fading channels, Random variables, Receivers, SIMO Rician channel, single-input multiple-output, Transmitters, zero dispersion}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We investigate the maximal achievable rate for a given blocklength and error probability over quasi-static single-input multiple-output (SIMO) fading channels. Under mild conditions on the channel gains, it is shown that the channel dispersion is zero regardless of whether the fading realizations are available at the transmitter and/or the receiver. The result follows from computationally and analytically tractable converse and achievability bounds. Through numerical evaluation, we verify that, in some scenarios, zero dispersion indeed entails fast convergence to outage capacity as the blocklength increases. In the example of a particular 1×2 SIMO Rician channel, the blocklength required to achieve 90% of capacity is about an order of magnitude smaller compared to the blocklength required for an AWGN channel with the same capacity. |

## 2012 |

## Inproceedings |

Olmos, Pablo M; Perez-Cruz, Fernando; Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose Finite-Length Analysis of the TEP Decoder for LDPC Ensembles over the BEC Inproceedings 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings, pp. 2346–2350, IEEE, Cambridge, MA, 2012, ISSN: 2157-8095. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation methods, BEC, binary codes, binary erasure channel, Decoding, Error analysis, error probability, finite-length analysis, LDPC ensembles, low-density parity check ensembles, parity check codes, TEP decoder, Trajectory, tree-expectation propagation algorithm, waterfall region @inproceedings{Olmos2012a, title = {Finite-Length Analysis of the TEP Decoder for LDPC Ensembles over the BEC}, author = {Pablo M Olmos and Fernando Perez-Cruz and Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6283932}, issn = {2157-8095}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-01-01}, booktitle = {2012 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings}, pages = {2346--2350}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Cambridge, MA}, abstract = {In this work, we analyze the finite-length performance of low-density parity check (LDPC) ensembles decoded over the binary erasure channel (BEC) using the tree-expectation propagation (TEP) algorithm. In a previous paper, we showed that the TEP improves the BP performance for decoding regular and irregular short LDPC codes, but the perspective was mainly empirical. In this work, given the degree-distribution of an LDPC ensemble, we explain and predict the range of code lengths for which the TEP improves the BP solution. In addition, for LDPC ensembles that present a single critical point, we propose a scaling law to accurately predict the performance in the waterfall region. These results are of critical importance to design practical LDPC codes for the TEP decoder.}, keywords = {Approximation methods, BEC, binary codes, binary erasure channel, Decoding, Error analysis, error probability, finite-length analysis, LDPC ensembles, low-density parity check ensembles, parity check codes, TEP decoder, Trajectory, tree-expectation propagation algorithm, waterfall region}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In this work, we analyze the finite-length performance of low-density parity check (LDPC) ensembles decoded over the binary erasure channel (BEC) using the tree-expectation propagation (TEP) algorithm. In a previous paper, we showed that the TEP improves the BP performance for decoding regular and irregular short LDPC codes, but the perspective was mainly empirical. In this work, given the degree-distribution of an LDPC ensemble, we explain and predict the range of code lengths for which the TEP improves the BP solution. In addition, for LDPC ensembles that present a single critical point, we propose a scaling law to accurately predict the performance in the waterfall region. These results are of critical importance to design practical LDPC codes for the TEP decoder. |

Campo, Adria Tauste; Vazquez-Vilar, Gonzalo; i Fàbregas, Albert Guillen; Koch, Tobias; Martinez, Alfonso Random Coding Bounds that Attain the Joint Source-Channel Exponent Inproceedings 2012 46th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS), pp. 1–5, IEEE, Princeton, 2012, ISBN: 978-1-4673-3140-1. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: code construction, combined source-channel coding, Csiszár error exponent, Ducts, error probability, error statistics, Gallager exponent, joint source-channel coding, joint source-channel exponent, random codes, random-coding upper bound, Yttrium @inproceedings{Campo2012, title = {Random Coding Bounds that Attain the Joint Source-Channel Exponent}, author = {Adria Tauste Campo and Gonzalo Vazquez-Vilar and Albert Guillen i Fàbregas and Tobias Koch and Alfonso Martinez}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6310910}, isbn = {978-1-4673-3140-1}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-01-01}, booktitle = {2012 46th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS)}, pages = {1--5}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Princeton}, abstract = {This paper presents a random-coding upper bound on the average error probability of joint source-channel coding that attains Csiszár's error exponent. The bound is based on a code construction for which source messages are assigned to disjoint subsets (classes), and codewords are generated according to a distribution that depends on the class of the source message. For a single class, the bound recovers Gallager's exponent; identifying the classes with source type classes, it recovers Csiszár's exponent. Moreover, it is shown that as a two appropriately designed classes are sufficient to attain Csiszár's exponent.}, keywords = {code construction, combined source-channel coding, Csiszár error exponent, Ducts, error probability, error statistics, Gallager exponent, joint source-channel coding, joint source-channel exponent, random codes, random-coding upper bound, Yttrium}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } This paper presents a random-coding upper bound on the average error probability of joint source-channel coding that attains Csiszár's error exponent. The bound is based on a code construction for which source messages are assigned to disjoint subsets (classes), and codewords are generated according to a distribution that depends on the class of the source message. For a single class, the bound recovers Gallager's exponent; identifying the classes with source type classes, it recovers Csiszár's exponent. Moreover, it is shown that as a two appropriately designed classes are sufficient to attain Csiszár's exponent. |

Campo, Adria Tauste; Vazquez-Vilar, Gonzalo; i Fabregas, Albert Guillen; Koch, Tobias; Martinez, Alfonso Achieving Csiszár's Source-Channel Coding Exponent with Product Distributions Inproceedings 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings, pp. 1548–1552, IEEE, Cambridge, MA, 2012, ISSN: 2157-8095. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: average probability of error, Channel Coding, code construction, codewords, Csiszár's source-channel coding, Decoding, Encoding, error probability, error statistics, Joints, Manganese, product distributions, random codes, random-coding upper bound, source coding, source messages, Upper bound @inproceedings{Campo2012a, title = {Achieving Csiszár's Source-Channel Coding Exponent with Product Distributions}, author = {Adria Tauste Campo and Gonzalo Vazquez-Vilar and Albert Guillen i Fabregas and Tobias Koch and Alfonso Martinez}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6283524}, issn = {2157-8095}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-01-01}, booktitle = {2012 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings}, pages = {1548--1552}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Cambridge, MA}, abstract = {We derive a random-coding upper bound on the average probability of error of joint source-channel coding that recovers Csiszár's error exponent when used with product distributions over the channel inputs. Our proof technique for the error probability analysis employs a code construction for which source messages are assigned to subsets and codewords are generated with a distribution that depends on the subset.}, keywords = {average probability of error, Channel Coding, code construction, codewords, Csiszár's source-channel coding, Decoding, Encoding, error probability, error statistics, Joints, Manganese, product distributions, random codes, random-coding upper bound, source coding, source messages, Upper bound}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We derive a random-coding upper bound on the average probability of error of joint source-channel coding that recovers Csiszár's error exponent when used with product distributions over the channel inputs. Our proof technique for the error probability analysis employs a code construction for which source messages are assigned to subsets and codewords are generated with a distribution that depends on the subset. |

## 2011 |

## Inproceedings |

Goparaju, S; Calderbank, A R; Carson, W R; Rodrigues, Miguel R D; Perez-Cruz, Fernando When to Add Another Dimension when Communicating over MIMO Channels Inproceedings 2011 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 3100–3103, IEEE, Prague, 2011, ISSN: 1520-6149. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: divide and conquer approach, divide and conquer methods, error probability, error rate, error statistics, Gaussian channels, Lattices, Manganese, MIMO, MIMO channel, MIMO communication, multiple input multiple output Gaussian channel, Mutual information, optimal power allocation, power allocation, power constraint, receive filter, Resource management, Signal to noise ratio, signal-to-noise ratio, transmit filter, Upper bound @inproceedings{Goparaju2011, title = {When to Add Another Dimension when Communicating over MIMO Channels}, author = {S Goparaju and A R Calderbank and W R Carson and Miguel R D Rodrigues and Fernando Perez-Cruz}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5946351}, issn = {1520-6149}, year = {2011}, date = {2011-01-01}, booktitle = {2011 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)}, pages = {3100--3103}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Prague}, abstract = {This paper introduces a divide and conquer approach to the design of transmit and receive filters for communication over a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Gaussian channel subject to an average power constraint. It involves conversion to a set of parallel scalar channels, possibly with very different gains, followed by coding per sub-channel (i.e. over time) rather than coding across sub-channels (i.e. over time and space). The loss in performance is negligible at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and not significant at medium SNR. The advantages are reduction in signal processing complexity and greater insight into the SNR thresholds at which a channel is first allocated power. This insight is a consequence of formulating the optimal power allocation in terms of an upper bound on error rate that is determined by parameters of the input lattice such as the minimum distance and kissing number. The resulting thresholds are given explicitly in terms of these lattice parameters. By contrast, when the optimization problem is phrased in terms of maximizing mutual information, the solution is mercury waterfilling, and the thresholds are implicit.}, keywords = {divide and conquer approach, divide and conquer methods, error probability, error rate, error statistics, Gaussian channels, Lattices, Manganese, MIMO, MIMO channel, MIMO communication, multiple input multiple output Gaussian channel, Mutual information, optimal power allocation, power allocation, power constraint, receive filter, Resource management, Signal to noise ratio, signal-to-noise ratio, transmit filter, Upper bound}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } This paper introduces a divide and conquer approach to the design of transmit and receive filters for communication over a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Gaussian channel subject to an average power constraint. It involves conversion to a set of parallel scalar channels, possibly with very different gains, followed by coding per sub-channel (i.e. over time) rather than coding across sub-channels (i.e. over time and space). The loss in performance is negligible at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and not significant at medium SNR. The advantages are reduction in signal processing complexity and greater insight into the SNR thresholds at which a channel is first allocated power. This insight is a consequence of formulating the optimal power allocation in terms of an upper bound on error rate that is determined by parameters of the input lattice such as the minimum distance and kissing number. The resulting thresholds are given explicitly in terms of these lattice parameters. By contrast, when the optimization problem is phrased in terms of maximizing mutual information, the solution is mercury waterfilling, and the thresholds are implicit. |

Olmos, Pablo M; Urbanke, Rudiger Scaling Behavior of Convolutional LDPC Ensembles over the BEC Inproceedings 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings, pp. 1816–1820, IEEE, Saint Petersburg, 2011, ISSN: 2157-8095. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: BEC, binary codes, binary erasure channel, Bit error rate, convolutional codes, convolutional LDPC ensembles, coupled sparse graph codes, Couplings, Decoding, error probability, Iterative decoding, parity check codes, scaling behavior @inproceedings{Olmos2011, title = {Scaling Behavior of Convolutional LDPC Ensembles over the BEC}, author = {Pablo M Olmos and Rudiger Urbanke}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6033863}, issn = {2157-8095}, year = {2011}, date = {2011-01-01}, booktitle = {2011 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings}, pages = {1816--1820}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Saint Petersburg}, abstract = {We study the scaling behavior of coupled sparse graph codes over the binary erasure channel. In particular, let 2L+1 be the length of the coupled chain, let M be the number of variables in each of the 2L+1 local copies, let ℓ be the number of iterations, let Pb denote the bit error probability, and let ∈ denote the channel parameter. We are interested in how these quantities scale when we let the blocklength (2L + 1)M tend to infinity. Based on empirical evidence we show that the threshold saturation phenomenon is rather stable with respect to the scaling of the various parameters and we formulate some general rules of thumb which can serve as a guide for the design of coding systems based on coupled graphs.}, keywords = {BEC, binary codes, binary erasure channel, Bit error rate, convolutional codes, convolutional LDPC ensembles, coupled sparse graph codes, Couplings, Decoding, error probability, Iterative decoding, parity check codes, scaling behavior}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We study the scaling behavior of coupled sparse graph codes over the binary erasure channel. In particular, let 2L+1 be the length of the coupled chain, let M be the number of variables in each of the 2L+1 local copies, let ℓ be the number of iterations, let Pb denote the bit error probability, and let ∈ denote the channel parameter. We are interested in how these quantities scale when we let the blocklength (2L + 1)M tend to infinity. Based on empirical evidence we show that the threshold saturation phenomenon is rather stable with respect to the scaling of the various parameters and we formulate some general rules of thumb which can serve as a guide for the design of coding systems based on coupled graphs. |