## 2015 |

## Journal Articles |

Ramírez, David; Schreier, Peter; Via, Javier; Santamaria, Ignacio; Scharf, Louis Detection of Multivariate Cyclostationarity (Journal Article) IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 63 (20), pp. 5395–5408, 2015, ISSN: 1053-587X. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: ad hoc function, asymptotic GLRT, asymptotic LMPIT, block circulant, block-Toeplitz structure, Correlation, covariance matrices, Covariance matrix, covariance structure, cycle period, cyclic spectrum, Cyclostationarity, Detectors, Frequency-domain analysis, generalized likelihood ratio test, generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), hypothesis testing problem, locally most powerful invariant test, locally most powerful invariant test (LMPIT), Loe{&}{#}x0300, maximum likelihood estimation, multivariate cyclostationarity detection, power spectral density, random processes, s theorem, scalar valued CS time series, signal detection, spectral analysis, statistical testing, Testing, Time series, Time series analysis, Toeplitz matrices, Toeplitz matrix, ve spectrum, vector valued random process cyclostationary, vector valued WSS time series, wide sense stationary, Wijsman theorem, Wijsman{&}{#}x2019) @article{Ramirez2015, title = {Detection of Multivariate Cyclostationarity}, author = {Ramírez, David and Schreier, Peter J. and Via, Javier and Santamaria, Ignacio and Scharf, Louis L.}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7134806}, doi = {10.1109/TSP.2015.2450201}, issn = {1053-587X}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-10-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing}, volume = {63}, number = {20}, pages = {5395--5408}, publisher = {IEEE}, abstract = {This paper derives an asymptotic generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) and an asymptotic locally most powerful invariant test (LMPIT) for two hypothesis testing problems: 1) Is a vector-valued random process cyclostationary (CS) or is it wide-sense stationary (WSS)? 2) Is a vector-valued random process CS or is it nonstationary? Our approach uses the relationship between a scalar-valued CS time series and a vector-valued WSS time series for which the knowledge of the cycle period is required. This relationship allows us to formulate the problem as a test for the covariance structure of the observations. The covariance matrix of the observations has a block-Toeplitz structure for CS and WSS processes. By considering the asymptotic case where the covariance matrix becomes block-circulant we are able to derive its maximum likelihood (ML) estimate and thus an asymptotic GLRT. Moreover, using Wijsman's theorem, we also obtain an asymptotic LMPIT. These detectors may be expressed in terms of the Loève spectrum, the cyclic spectrum, and the power spectral density, establishing how to fuse the information in these spectra for an asymptotic GLRT and LMPIT. This goes beyond the state-of-the-art, where it is common practice to build detectors of cyclostationarity from ad-hoc functions of these spectra.}, keywords = {ad hoc function, asymptotic GLRT, asymptotic LMPIT, block circulant, block-Toeplitz structure, Correlation, covariance matrices, Covariance matrix, covariance structure, cycle period, cyclic spectrum, Cyclostationarity, Detectors, Frequency-domain analysis, generalized likelihood ratio test, generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), hypothesis testing problem, locally most powerful invariant test, locally most powerful invariant test (LMPIT), Loe{&}{#}x0300, maximum likelihood estimation, multivariate cyclostationarity detection, power spectral density, random processes, s theorem, scalar valued CS time series, signal detection, spectral analysis, statistical testing, Testing, Time series, Time series analysis, Toeplitz matrices, Toeplitz matrix, ve spectrum, vector valued random process cyclostationary, vector valued WSS time series, wide sense stationary, Wijsman theorem, Wijsman{&}{#}x2019}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } This paper derives an asymptotic generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) and an asymptotic locally most powerful invariant test (LMPIT) for two hypothesis testing problems: 1) Is a vector-valued random process cyclostationary (CS) or is it wide-sense stationary (WSS)? 2) Is a vector-valued random process CS or is it nonstationary? Our approach uses the relationship between a scalar-valued CS time series and a vector-valued WSS time series for which the knowledge of the cycle period is required. This relationship allows us to formulate the problem as a test for the covariance structure of the observations. The covariance matrix of the observations has a block-Toeplitz structure for CS and WSS processes. By considering the asymptotic case where the covariance matrix becomes block-circulant we are able to derive its maximum likelihood (ML) estimate and thus an asymptotic GLRT. Moreover, using Wijsman's theorem, we also obtain an asymptotic LMPIT. These detectors may be expressed in terms of the Loève spectrum, the cyclic spectrum, and the power spectral density, establishing how to fuse the information in these spectra for an asymptotic GLRT and LMPIT. This goes beyond the state-of-the-art, where it is common practice to build detectors of cyclostationarity from ad-hoc functions of these spectra. |

## Inproceedings |

Luengo, David; Martino, Luca; Elvira, Victor; Bugallo, Monica Efficient Linear Combination of Partial Monte Carlo Estimators (Inproceeding) 2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 4100–4104, IEEE, Brisbane, 2015, ISBN: 978-1-4673-6997-8. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: covariance matrices, efficient linear combination, Estimation, fusion, Global estimator, global estimators, least mean squares methods, linear combination, minimum mean squared error estimators, Monte Carlo estimation, Monte Carlo methods, partial estimator, partial Monte Carlo estimators, Xenon) @inproceedings{Luengo2015b, title = {Efficient Linear Combination of Partial Monte Carlo Estimators}, author = {Luengo, David and Martino, Luca and Elvira, Victor and Bugallo, Monica F.}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7178742 http://www.tsc.uc3m.es/~velvira/papers/ICASSP2015_luengo.pdf}, doi = {10.1109/ICASSP.2015.7178742}, isbn = {978-1-4673-6997-8}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-04-01}, booktitle = {2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)}, pages = {4100--4104}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Brisbane}, abstract = {In many practical scenarios, including those dealing with large data sets, calculating global estimators of unknown variables of interest becomes unfeasible. A common solution is obtaining partial estimators and combining them to approximate the global one. In this paper, we focus on minimum mean squared error (MMSE) estimators, introducing two efficient linear schemes for the fusion of partial estimators. The proposed approaches are valid for any type of partial estimators, although in the simulated scenarios we concentrate on the combination of Monte Carlo estimators due to the nature of the problem addressed. Numerical results show the good performance of the novel fusion methods with only a fraction of the cost of the asymptotically optimal solution.}, keywords = {covariance matrices, efficient linear combination, Estimation, fusion, Global estimator, global estimators, least mean squares methods, linear combination, minimum mean squared error estimators, Monte Carlo estimation, Monte Carlo methods, partial estimator, partial Monte Carlo estimators, Xenon}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In many practical scenarios, including those dealing with large data sets, calculating global estimators of unknown variables of interest becomes unfeasible. A common solution is obtaining partial estimators and combining them to approximate the global one. In this paper, we focus on minimum mean squared error (MMSE) estimators, introducing two efficient linear schemes for the fusion of partial estimators. The proposed approaches are valid for any type of partial estimators, although in the simulated scenarios we concentrate on the combination of Monte Carlo estimators due to the nature of the problem addressed. Numerical results show the good performance of the novel fusion methods with only a fraction of the cost of the asymptotically optimal solution. |

## 2008 |

## Inproceedings |

Rodrigues, Miguel; Perez-Cruz, Fernando; Verdu, Sergio Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Gaussian Channels: Optimal Covariance for Non-Gaussian Inputs (Inproceeding) 2008 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, pp. 445–449, IEEE, Porto, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4244-2269-2. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Binary phase shift keying, covariance matrices, Covariance matrix, deterministic MIMO Gaussian channel, fixed-point equation, Gaussian channels, Gaussian noise, Information rates, intersymbol interference, least mean squares methods, Magnetic recording, mercury-waterfilling power allocation policy, MIMO, MIMO communication, minimum mean-squared error, MMSE, MMSE matrix, multiple-input multiple-output system, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Systems, Mutual information, Optimal Input Covariance, Optimization, Telecommunications) @inproceedings{Rodrigues2008, title = {Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Gaussian Channels: Optimal Covariance for Non-Gaussian Inputs}, author = {Rodrigues, Miguel R. D. and Perez-Cruz, Fernando and Verdu, Sergio}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=4578704}, isbn = {978-1-4244-2269-2}, year = {2008}, date = {2008-01-01}, booktitle = {2008 IEEE Information Theory Workshop}, pages = {445--449}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Porto}, abstract = {We investigate the input covariance that maximizes the mutual information of deterministic multiple-input multipleo-utput (MIMO) Gaussian channels with arbitrary (not necessarily Gaussian) input distributions, by capitalizing on the relationship between the gradient of the mutual information and the minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) matrix. We show that the optimal input covariance satisfies a simple fixed-point equation involving key system quantities, including the MMSE matrix. We also specialize the form of the optimal input covariance to the asymptotic regimes of low and high snr. We demonstrate that in the low-snr regime the optimal covariance fully correlates the inputs to better combat noise. In contrast, in the high-snr regime the optimal covariance is diagonal with diagonal elements obeying the generalized mercury/waterfilling power allocation policy. Numerical results illustrate that covariance optimization may lead to significant gains with respect to conventional strategies based on channel diagonalization followed by mercury/waterfilling or waterfilling power allocation, particularly in the regimes of medium and high snr.}, keywords = {Binary phase shift keying, covariance matrices, Covariance matrix, deterministic MIMO Gaussian channel, fixed-point equation, Gaussian channels, Gaussian noise, Information rates, intersymbol interference, least mean squares methods, Magnetic recording, mercury-waterfilling power allocation policy, MIMO, MIMO communication, minimum mean-squared error, MMSE, MMSE matrix, multiple-input multiple-output system, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Systems, Mutual information, Optimal Input Covariance, Optimization, Telecommunications}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We investigate the input covariance that maximizes the mutual information of deterministic multiple-input multipleo-utput (MIMO) Gaussian channels with arbitrary (not necessarily Gaussian) input distributions, by capitalizing on the relationship between the gradient of the mutual information and the minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) matrix. We show that the optimal input covariance satisfies a simple fixed-point equation involving key system quantities, including the MMSE matrix. We also specialize the form of the optimal input covariance to the asymptotic regimes of low and high snr. We demonstrate that in the low-snr regime the optimal covariance fully correlates the inputs to better combat noise. In contrast, in the high-snr regime the optimal covariance is diagonal with diagonal elements obeying the generalized mercury/waterfilling power allocation policy. Numerical results illustrate that covariance optimization may lead to significant gains with respect to conventional strategies based on channel diagonalization followed by mercury/waterfilling or waterfilling power allocation, particularly in the regimes of medium and high snr. |