1. | Valera, Isabel; Ruiz, Francisco J R; Perez-Cruz, Fernando: Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model. In: IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, 38 (9), pp. 1816 – 1828, 2016, ISSN: 1939-3539. (Type: Journal Article | Abstract | Links | BibTeX) @article{Valera2016b, title = {Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model}, author = {Isabel Valera and Francisco J R Ruiz and Fernando Perez-Cruz}, url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26571511 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload=true&amp;arnumber=7322279}, doi = {10.1109/TPAMI.2015.2498931}, issn = {1939-3539}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-09-01}, journal = {IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence}, volume = {38}, number = {9}, pages = {1816 -- 1828}, abstract = {There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem.}, keywords = {}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem. |

2. | Valera, Isabel; Ruiz, Francisco J R; Perez-Cruz, Fernando: Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model. In: IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, To appear (99), pp. 1, 2016, ISSN: 1939-3539. (Type: Journal Article | Abstract | Links | BibTeX) @article{Valera2016c, title = {Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model}, author = {Isabel Valera and Francisco J R Ruiz and Fernando Perez-Cruz}, url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26571511 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload=true&amp;arnumber=7322279}, doi = {10.1109/TPAMI.2015.2498931}, issn = {1939-3539}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-01-01}, journal = {IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence}, volume = {To appear}, number = {99}, pages = {1}, abstract = {There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem.}, keywords = {}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem. |

3. | Perez-Cruz, Fernando; Kulkarni, S R: Distributed Least Square for Consensus Building in Sensor Networks. In: 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 2877–2881, IEEE, Seoul, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4244-4312-3. (Type: Inproceedings | Abstract | Links | BibTeX) @inproceedings{Perez-Cruz2009, title = {Distributed Least Square for Consensus Building in Sensor Networks}, author = {Fernando Perez-Cruz and S R Kulkarni}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5205336}, isbn = {978-1-4244-4312-3}, year = {2009}, date = {2009-01-01}, booktitle = {2009 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory}, pages = {2877--2881}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Seoul}, abstract = {We present a novel mechanism for consensus building in sensor networks. The proposed algorithm has three main properties that make it suitable for general sensor-network learning. First, the proposed algorithm is based on robust nonparametric statistics and thereby needs little prior knowledge about the network and the function that needs to be estimated. Second, the algorithm uses only local information about the network and it communicates only with nearby sensors. Third, the algorithm is completely asynchronous and robust. It does not need to coordinate the sensors to estimate the underlying function and it is not affected if other sensors in the network stop working. Therefore, the proposed algorithm is an ideal candidate for sensor networks deployed in remote and inaccessible areas, which might need to change their objective once they have been set up.}, keywords = {}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We present a novel mechanism for consensus building in sensor networks. The proposed algorithm has three main properties that make it suitable for general sensor-network learning. First, the proposed algorithm is based on robust nonparametric statistics and thereby needs little prior knowledge about the network and the function that needs to be estimated. Second, the algorithm uses only local information about the network and it communicates only with nearby sensors. Third, the algorithm is completely asynchronous and robust. It does not need to coordinate the sensors to estimate the underlying function and it is not affected if other sensors in the network stop working. Therefore, the proposed algorithm is an ideal candidate for sensor networks deployed in remote and inaccessible areas, which might need to change their objective once they have been set up. |

## 2016 |

## Journal Articles |

Valera, Isabel; Ruiz, Francisco J R; Perez-Cruz, Fernando Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model Journal Article IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, 38 (9), pp. 1816 – 1828, 2016, ISSN: 1939-3539. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Bayes methods, Bayesian nonparametrics, CASI CAM CM, Computational modeling, GAMMA-L+ UC3M, Gibbs sampling, Hidden Markov models, Inference algorithms, Journal, Markov processes, Probability distribution, reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo, slice sampling, Time series, variational inference, Yttrium @article{Valera2016b, title = {Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model}, author = {Isabel Valera and Francisco J R Ruiz and Fernando Perez-Cruz}, url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26571511 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload=true&amp;arnumber=7322279}, doi = {10.1109/TPAMI.2015.2498931}, issn = {1939-3539}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-09-01}, journal = {IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence}, volume = {38}, number = {9}, pages = {1816 -- 1828}, abstract = {There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem.}, keywords = {Bayes methods, Bayesian nonparametrics, CASI CAM CM, Computational modeling, GAMMA-L+ UC3M, Gibbs sampling, Hidden Markov models, Inference algorithms, Journal, Markov processes, Probability distribution, reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo, slice sampling, Time series, variational inference, Yttrium}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem. |

Valera, Isabel; Ruiz, Francisco J R; Perez-Cruz, Fernando Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model Journal Article IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, To appear (99), pp. 1, 2016, ISSN: 1939-3539. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Bayes methods, Bayesian nonparametrics, CASI CAM CM, Computational modeling, GAMMA-L+ UC3M, Gibbs sampling, Hidden Markov models, Inference algorithms, Markov processes, Probability distribution, reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo, slice sampling, Time series, variational inference, Yttrium @article{Valera2016c, title = {Infinite Factorial Unbounded-State Hidden Markov Model}, author = {Isabel Valera and Francisco J R Ruiz and Fernando Perez-Cruz}, url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26571511 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload=true&amp;arnumber=7322279}, doi = {10.1109/TPAMI.2015.2498931}, issn = {1939-3539}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-01-01}, journal = {IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence}, volume = {To appear}, number = {99}, pages = {1}, abstract = {There are many scenarios in artificial intelligence, signal processing or medicine, in which a temporal sequence consists of several unknown overlapping independent causes, and we are interested in accurately recovering those canonical causes. Factorial hidden Markov models (FHMMs) present the versatility to provide a good fit to these scenarios. However, in some scenarios, the number of causes or the number of states of the FHMM cannot be known or limited a priori. In this paper, we propose an infinite factorial unbounded-state hidden Markov model (IFUHMM), in which the number of parallel hidden Markov models (HMMs) and states in each HMM are potentially unbounded. We rely on a Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) prior over integer-valued matrices, in which the columns represent the Markov chains, the rows the time indexes, and the integers the state for each chain and time instant. First, we extend the existent infinite factorial binary-state HMM to allow for any number of states. Then, we modify this model to allow for an unbounded number of states and derive an MCMC-based inference algorithm that properly deals with the trade-off between the unbounded number of states and chains. We illustrate the performance of our proposed models in the power disaggregation problem.}, keywords = {Bayes methods, Bayesian nonparametrics, CASI CAM CM, Computational modeling, GAMMA-L+ UC3M, Gibbs sampling, Hidden Markov models, Inference algorithms, Markov processes, Probability distribution, reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo, slice sampling, Time series, variational inference, Yttrium}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } |

## 2009 |

## Inproceedings |

Perez-Cruz, Fernando; Kulkarni, S R Distributed Least Square for Consensus Building in Sensor Networks Inproceedings 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 2877–2881, IEEE, Seoul, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4244-4312-3. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Change detection algorithms, Channel Coding, Distributed computing, distributed least square method, graphical models, Inference algorithms, Kernel, Least squares methods, nonparametric statistics, Parametric statistics, robustness, sensor-network learning, statistical analysis, Telecommunication network reliability, Wireless sensor network, Wireless Sensor Networks @inproceedings{Perez-Cruz2009, title = {Distributed Least Square for Consensus Building in Sensor Networks}, author = {Fernando Perez-Cruz and S R Kulkarni}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5205336}, isbn = {978-1-4244-4312-3}, year = {2009}, date = {2009-01-01}, booktitle = {2009 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory}, pages = {2877--2881}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Seoul}, abstract = {We present a novel mechanism for consensus building in sensor networks. The proposed algorithm has three main properties that make it suitable for general sensor-network learning. First, the proposed algorithm is based on robust nonparametric statistics and thereby needs little prior knowledge about the network and the function that needs to be estimated. Second, the algorithm uses only local information about the network and it communicates only with nearby sensors. Third, the algorithm is completely asynchronous and robust. It does not need to coordinate the sensors to estimate the underlying function and it is not affected if other sensors in the network stop working. Therefore, the proposed algorithm is an ideal candidate for sensor networks deployed in remote and inaccessible areas, which might need to change their objective once they have been set up.}, keywords = {Change detection algorithms, Channel Coding, Distributed computing, distributed least square method, graphical models, Inference algorithms, Kernel, Least squares methods, nonparametric statistics, Parametric statistics, robustness, sensor-network learning, statistical analysis, Telecommunication network reliability, Wireless sensor network, Wireless Sensor Networks}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } We present a novel mechanism for consensus building in sensor networks. The proposed algorithm has three main properties that make it suitable for general sensor-network learning. First, the proposed algorithm is based on robust nonparametric statistics and thereby needs little prior knowledge about the network and the function that needs to be estimated. Second, the algorithm uses only local information about the network and it communicates only with nearby sensors. Third, the algorithm is completely asynchronous and robust. It does not need to coordinate the sensors to estimate the underlying function and it is not affected if other sensors in the network stop working. Therefore, the proposed algorithm is an ideal candidate for sensor networks deployed in remote and inaccessible areas, which might need to change their objective once they have been set up. |