### 2015

Nazabal, Alfredo; Artés-Rodríguez, Antonio

Discriminative spectral learning of hidden markov models for human activity recognition Inproceedings

In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 1966–1970, IEEE, Brisbane, 2015, ISBN: 978-1-4673-6997-8.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Accuracy, Bayesian estimation, classify sequential data, Data models, Databases, Discriminative learning, discriminative spectral learning, Hidden Markov models, HMM parameters, Human activity recognition, learning (artificial intelligence), maximum likelihood, maximum likelihood estimation, ML, moment matching learning technique, Observable operator models, sensors, Spectral algorithm, spectral learning, Speech recognition, Training

@inproceedings{Nazabal2015,

title = {Discriminative spectral learning of hidden markov models for human activity recognition},

author = {Alfredo Nazabal and Antonio Artés-Rodríguez},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7178314},

doi = {10.1109/ICASSP.2015.7178314},

isbn = {978-1-4673-6997-8},

year = {2015},

date = {2015-04-01},

booktitle = {2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)},

pages = {1966--1970},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Brisbane},

abstract = {Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) are one of the most important techniques to model and classify sequential data. Maximum Likelihood (ML) and (parametric and non-parametric) Bayesian estimation of the HMM parameters suffers from local maxima and in massive datasets they can be specially time consuming. In this paper, we extend the spectral learning of HMMs, a moment matching learning technique free from local maxima, to discriminative HMMs. The resulting method provides the posterior probabilities of the classes without explicitly determining the HMM parameters, and is able to deal with missing labels. We apply the method to Human Activity Recognition (HAR) using two different types of sensors: portable inertial sensors, and fixed, wireless binary sensor networks. Our algorithm outperforms the standard discriminative HMM learning in both complexity and accuracy.},

keywords = {Accuracy, Bayesian estimation, classify sequential data, Data models, Databases, Discriminative learning, discriminative spectral learning, Hidden Markov models, HMM parameters, Human activity recognition, learning (artificial intelligence), maximum likelihood, maximum likelihood estimation, ML, moment matching learning technique, Observable operator models, sensors, Spectral algorithm, spectral learning, Speech recognition, Training},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2012

Olmos, Pablo M; Perez-Cruz, Fernando; Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose

Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes under TEP Decoding Inproceedings

In: 2012 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, pp. 1–6, IEEE, Lausanne, 2012, ISBN: 978-1-4673-0223-4.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: asymptotic limit, belief propagation decoding, Complexity theory, convolutional codes, convolutional LDPC codes, Decoding, decoding latency, decoding threshold, erasure channel, Error analysis, error rates, finite-length analysis, finite-length performance, maximum a posteriori threshold, maximum likelihood estimation, parity check codes, regular sparse codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes, TEP decoding, tree-structured expectation propagation, underlying regular code, very large code length, window-sliding scheme

@inproceedings{Olmos2012,

title = {Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes under TEP Decoding},

author = {Pablo M Olmos and Fernando Perez-Cruz and Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6404722},

isbn = {978-1-4673-0223-4},

year = {2012},

date = {2012-01-01},

booktitle = {2012 IEEE Information Theory Workshop},

pages = {1--6},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Lausanne},

keywords = {asymptotic limit, belief propagation decoding, Complexity theory, convolutional codes, convolutional LDPC codes, Decoding, decoding latency, decoding threshold, erasure channel, Error analysis, error rates, finite-length analysis, finite-length performance, maximum a posteriori threshold, maximum likelihood estimation, parity check codes, regular sparse codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes, TEP decoding, tree-structured expectation propagation, underlying regular code, very large code length, window-sliding scheme},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2010

Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Bayesian BCJR for Channel Equalization and Decoding Inproceedings

In: 2010 IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing, pp. 53–58, IEEE, Kittila, 2010, ISSN: 1551-2541.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: a posteriori probability, Bayes methods, Bayesian BCJR, Bayesian methods, Bit error rate, channel decoding, channel estate information, Channel estimation, Decoding, digital communication, digital communications, equalisers, Equalizers, error statistics, Markov processes, Maximum likelihood decoding, maximum likelihood estimation, multipath channel, probabilistic channel equalization, Probability, single input single output model, SISO model, statistical information, Training

@inproceedings{Salamanca2010,

title = {Bayesian BCJR for Channel Equalization and Decoding},

author = {Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5589201},

issn = {1551-2541},

year = {2010},

date = {2010-01-01},

booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing},

pages = {53--58},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Kittila},

abstract = {In this paper we focus on the probabilistic channel equalization in digital communications. We face the single input single output (SISO) model to show how the statistical information about the multipath channel can be exploited to further improve our estimation of the a posteriori probabilities (APP) during the equalization process. We consider not only the uncertainty due to the noise in the channel, but also in the estimate of the channel estate information (CSI). Thus, we resort to a Bayesian approach for the computation of the APP. This novel algorithm has the same complexity as the BCJR, exhibiting lower bit error rate at the output of the channel decoder than the standard BCJR that considers maximum likelihood (ML) to estimate the CSI.},

keywords = {a posteriori probability, Bayes methods, Bayesian BCJR, Bayesian methods, Bit error rate, channel decoding, channel estate information, Channel estimation, Decoding, digital communication, digital communications, equalisers, Equalizers, error statistics, Markov processes, Maximum likelihood decoding, maximum likelihood estimation, multipath channel, probabilistic channel equalization, Probability, single input single output model, SISO model, statistical information, Training},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Channel Decoding with a Bayesian Equalizer Inproceedings

In: 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 1998–2002, IEEE, Austin, TX, 2010, ISBN: 978-1-4244-7892-7.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: a posteriori probability, Bayesian equalizer, Bayesian methods, BER, Bit error rate, Channel Coding, channel decoding, channel estate information, Communication channels, Decoding, equalisers, Equalizers, error statistics, low-density parity-check decoders, LPDC decoders, Maximum likelihood decoding, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood estimation, Noise reduction, parity check codes, Probability, Uncertainty

@inproceedings{Salamanca2010a,

title = {Channel Decoding with a Bayesian Equalizer},

author = {Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5513348},

isbn = {978-1-4244-7892-7},

year = {2010},

date = {2010-01-01},

booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory},

pages = {1998--2002},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Austin, TX},

abstract = {Low-density parity-check (LPDC) decoders assume the channel estate information (CSI) is known and they have the true a posteriori probability (APP) for each transmitted bit. But in most cases of interest, the CSI needs to be estimated with the help of a short training sequence and the LDPC decoder has to decode the received word using faulty APP estimates. In this paper, we study the uncertainty in the CSI estimate and how it affects the bit error rate (BER) output by the LDPC decoder. To improve these APP estimates, we propose a Bayesian equalizer that takes into consideration not only the uncertainty due to the noise in the channel, but also the uncertainty in the CSI estimate, reducing the BER after the LDPC decoder.},

keywords = {a posteriori probability, Bayesian equalizer, Bayesian methods, BER, Bit error rate, Channel Coding, channel decoding, channel estate information, Communication channels, Decoding, equalisers, Equalizers, error statistics, low-density parity-check decoders, LPDC decoders, Maximum likelihood decoding, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood estimation, Noise reduction, parity check codes, Probability, Uncertainty},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2009

Miguez, Joaquin; Maiz, Cristina S; Djuric, Petar M; Crisan, Dan

Sequential Monte Carlo Optimization Using Artificial State-Space Models Inproceedings

In: 2009 IEEE 13th Digital Signal Processing Workshop and 5th IEEE Signal Processing Education Workshop, pp. 268–273, IEEE, Marco Island, FL, 2009.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Acceleration, Cost function, Design optimization, discrete-time dynamical system, Educational institutions, Mathematics, maximum a posteriori estimate, maximum likelihood estimation, minimisation, Monte Carlo methods, Optimization methods, Probability distribution, sequential Monte Carlo optimization, Sequential optimization, Signal design, State-space methods, state-space model, Stochastic optimization

@inproceedings{Miguez2009,

title = {Sequential Monte Carlo Optimization Using Artificial State-Space Models},

author = {Joaquin Miguez and Cristina S Maiz and Petar M Djuric and Dan Crisan},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=4785933},

year = {2009},

date = {2009-01-01},

booktitle = {2009 IEEE 13th Digital Signal Processing Workshop and 5th IEEE Signal Processing Education Workshop},

pages = {268--273},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Marco Island, FL},

abstract = {We introduce a method for sequential minimization of a certain class of (possibly non-convex) cost functions with respect to a high dimensional signal of interest. The proposed approach involves the transformation of the optimization problem into one of estimation in a discrete-time dynamical system. In particular, we describe a methodology for constructing an artificial state-space model which has the signal of interest as its unobserved dynamic state. The model is ädapted" to the cost function in the sense that the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimate of the system state is also a global minimizer of the cost function. The advantage of the estimation framework is that we can draw from a pool of sequential Monte Carlo methods, for particle approximation of probability measures in dynamic systems, that enable the numerical computation of MAP estimates. We provide examples of how to apply the proposed methodology, including some illustrative simulation results.},

keywords = {Acceleration, Cost function, Design optimization, discrete-time dynamical system, Educational institutions, Mathematics, maximum a posteriori estimate, maximum likelihood estimation, minimisation, Monte Carlo methods, Optimization methods, Probability distribution, sequential Monte Carlo optimization, Sequential optimization, Signal design, State-space methods, state-space model, Stochastic optimization},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2008

Vazquez, Manuel A; Miguez, Joaquin

A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order Inproceedings

In: 2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas, pp. 387–391, IEEE, Vienna, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4244-1756-8.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas

@inproceedings{Vazquez2008,

title = {A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order},

author = {Manuel A Vazquez and Joaquin Miguez},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=4475587},

isbn = {978-1-4244-1756-8},

year = {2008},

date = {2008-01-01},

booktitle = {2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas},

pages = {387--391},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Vienna},

abstract = {In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This possibly means overestimating the channel order, and is not desirable since the computational complexity of maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) in frequency-selective channels grows exponentially with the channel order. In addition to that, the higher the channel order considered, the more the number of channel coefficients that need to be estimated from the same set of observations. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including its order. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver},

keywords = {Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

Vazquez, Manuel A; Miguez, Joaquin

A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order Inproceedings

In: 2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas, pp. 387–391, IEEE, Vienna, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4244-1756-8.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas

@inproceedings{Vazquez2008a,

title = {A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order},

author = {Manuel A Vazquez and Joaquin Miguez},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=4475587},

isbn = {978-1-4244-1756-8},

year = {2008},

date = {2008-01-01},

booktitle = {2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas},

pages = {387--391},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Vienna},

abstract = {In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This possibly means overestimating the channel order, and is not desirable since the computational complexity of maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) in frequency-selective channels grows exponentially with the channel order. In addition to that, the higher the channel order considered, the more the number of channel coefficients that need to be estimated from the same set of observations. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including its order. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver.},

keywords = {Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}