### 2009

Maiz, Cristina S; Miguez, Joaquin; Djuric, Petar M

Particle Filtering in the Presence of Outliers Inproceedings

In: 2009 IEEE/SP 15th Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing, pp. 33–36, IEEE, Cardiff, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4244-2709-3.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: computer simulations, Degradation, Filtering, multidimensional random variates, Multidimensional signal processing, Multidimensional systems, Nonlinear tracking, Outlier detection, predictive distributions, Signal processing, signal processing tools, signal-power observations, spatial depth, statistical analysis, statistical distributions, statistics, Target tracking, Testing

@inproceedings{Maiz2009,

title = {Particle Filtering in the Presence of Outliers},

author = {Cristina S Maiz and Joaquin Miguez and Petar M Djuric},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5278645},

isbn = {978-1-4244-2709-3},

year = {2009},

date = {2009-01-01},

booktitle = {2009 IEEE/SP 15th Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing},

pages = {33--36},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Cardiff},

abstract = {Particle filters have become very popular signal processing tools for problems that involve nonlinear tracking of an unobserved signal of interest given a series of related observations. In this paper we propose a new scheme for particle filtering when the observed data are possibly contaminated with outliers. An outlier is an observation that has been generated by some (unknown) mechanism different from the assumed model of the data. Therefore, when handled in the same way as regular observations, outliers may drastically degrade the performance of the particle filter. To address this problem, we introduce an auxiliary particle filtering scheme that incorporates an outlier detection step. We propose to implement it by means of a test involving statistics of the predictive distributions of the observations. Specifically, we investigate the use of a proposed statistic called spatial depth that can easily be applied to multidimensional random variates. The performance of the resulting algorithm is assessed by computer simulations of target tracking based on signal-power observations.},

keywords = {computer simulations, Degradation, Filtering, multidimensional random variates, Multidimensional signal processing, Multidimensional systems, Nonlinear tracking, Outlier detection, predictive distributions, Signal processing, signal processing tools, signal-power observations, spatial depth, statistical analysis, statistical distributions, statistics, Target tracking, Testing},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

Achutegui, Katrin; Martino, Luca; Rodas, Javier; Escudero, Carlos J; Miguez, Joaquin

A Multi-Model Particle Filtering Algorithm for Indoor Tracking of Mobile Terminals Using RSS Data Inproceedings

In: 2009 IEEE International Conference on Control Applications, pp. 1702–1707, IEEE, Saint Petersburg, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4244-4601-8.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Bayesian methods, Control systems, Filtering algorithms, generalized interacting multiple model, GIMM, indoor radio, Indoor tracking, mobile radio, mobile terminal, Monte Carlo methods, multipath propagation, position-dependent data measurement, random process, random processes, Rao-Blackwellized sequential Monte Carlo tracking, received signal strength, RSS data, Sliding mode control, State-space methods, state-space model, Target tracking, tracking, transmitter-to-receiver distance, wireless network, wireless technology

@inproceedings{Achutegui2009,

title = {A Multi-Model Particle Filtering Algorithm for Indoor Tracking of Mobile Terminals Using RSS Data},

author = {Katrin Achutegui and Luca Martino and Javier Rodas and Carlos J Escudero and Joaquin Miguez},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5280960},

isbn = {978-1-4244-4601-8},

year = {2009},

date = {2009-01-01},

booktitle = {2009 IEEE International Conference on Control Applications},

pages = {1702--1707},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Saint Petersburg},

abstract = {In this paper we address the problem of indoor tracking using received signal strength (RSS) as a position-dependent data measurement. This type of measurements is very appealing because they can be easily obtained with a variety of wireless technologies which are relatively inexpensive. The extraction of accurate location information from RSS in indoor scenarios is not an easy task, though. Since RSS is highly influenced by multipath propagation, it turns out very hard to adequately model the correspondence between the received power and the transmitter-to-receiver distance. The measurement models proposed in the literature are site-specific and require a great deal of information regarding the structure of the building where the tracking will be performed and therefore are not useful for a general application. For that reason we propose the use of a compound model that combines several sub-models, whose parameters are adjusted to specific and different propagation environments. This methodology, is called interacting multiple models (IMM), has been used in the past for modeling the motion of maneuvering targets. Here, we extend its application to handle also the uncertainty in the RSS observations and we refer to the resulting state-space model as a generalized IMM (GIMM) system. The flexibility of the GIMM approach is attained at the expense of an increase in the number of random processes that must be accurately tracked. To overcome this difficulty, we introduce a Rao-Blackwellized sequential Monte Carlo tracking algorithm that exhibits good performance both with synthetic and experimental data.},

keywords = {Bayesian methods, Control systems, Filtering algorithms, generalized interacting multiple model, GIMM, indoor radio, Indoor tracking, mobile radio, mobile terminal, Monte Carlo methods, multipath propagation, position-dependent data measurement, random process, random processes, Rao-Blackwellized sequential Monte Carlo tracking, received signal strength, RSS data, Sliding mode control, State-space methods, state-space model, Target tracking, tracking, transmitter-to-receiver distance, wireless network, wireless technology},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}