### 2013

Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Olmos, Pablo M; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Improving the BP Estimate over the AWGN Channel Using Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation Inproceedings

In: 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 2990–2994, IEEE, Istanbul, 2013, ISSN: 2157-8095.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, AWGN channels, BEC, belief propagation decoding, BI-AWGN channel, binary additive white Gaussian noise channel, binary erasure channel, BP estimation, Channel Coding, Complexity theory, error rate reduction, error statistics, Expectation, finite-length codes, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, LDPC decoding, low-density parity-check decoding, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, posterior distribution, Propagation, TEP algorithm, tree-structured expectation propagation algorithm, trees (mathematics)

@inproceedings{Salamanca2013,

title = {Improving the BP Estimate over the AWGN Channel Using Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation},

author = {Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Pablo M Olmos and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6620774},

issn = {2157-8095},

year = {2013},

date = {2013-01-01},

booktitle = {2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory},

pages = {2990--2994},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Istanbul},

abstract = {In this paper, we propose the tree-structured expectation propagation (TEP) algorithm for low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoding over the binary additive white Gaussian noise (BI-AWGN) channel. By approximating the posterior distribution by a tree-structure factorization, the TEP has been proven to improve belief propagation (BP) decoding over the binary erasure channel (BEC). We show for the AWGN channel how the TEP decoder is also able to capture additional information disregarded by the BP solution, which leads to a noticeable reduction of the error rate for finite-length codes. We show that for the range of codes of interest, the TEP gain is obtained with a slight increase in complexity over that of the BP algorithm. An efficient way of constructing the tree-like structure is also described.},

keywords = {Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, AWGN channels, BEC, belief propagation decoding, BI-AWGN channel, binary additive white Gaussian noise channel, binary erasure channel, BP estimation, Channel Coding, Complexity theory, error rate reduction, error statistics, Expectation, finite-length codes, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, LDPC decoding, low-density parity-check decoding, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, posterior distribution, Propagation, TEP algorithm, tree-structured expectation propagation algorithm, trees (mathematics)},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2012

Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Olmos, Pablo M; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation for LDPC Decoding over the AWGN Channel Inproceedings

In: 2012 IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing, pp. 1–6, IEEE, Santander, 2012, ISSN: 1551-2541.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: additive white Gaussian noise channel, Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, approximation theory, AWGN channel, AWGN channels, belief propagation solution, Bit error rate, Decoding, error floor reduction, finite-length regime, Gain, Joints, LDPC decoding, low-density parity-check decoding, pairwise marginal constraint, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree-like approximation, tree-structured expectation propagation, trees (mathematics)

@inproceedings{Salamanca2012,

title = {Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation for LDPC Decoding over the AWGN Channel},

author = {Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Pablo M Olmos and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6349716},

issn = {1551-2541},

year = {2012},

date = {2012-01-01},

booktitle = {2012 IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing},

pages = {1--6},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Santander},

abstract = {In this paper, we propose the tree-structured expectation propagation (TEP) algorithm for low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoding over the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. By imposing a tree-like approximation over the graphical model of the code, this algorithm introduces pairwise marginal constraints over pairs of variables, which provide joint information of the variables related. Thanks to this, the proposed TEP decoder improves the performance of the standard belief propagation (BP) solution. An efficient way of constructing the tree-like structure is also described. The simulation results illustrate the TEP decoder gain in the finite-length regime, compared to the standard BP solution. For code lengths shorter than n = 512, the gain in the waterfall region achieves up to 0.25 dB. We also notice a remarkable reduction of the error floor.},

keywords = {additive white Gaussian noise channel, Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, approximation theory, AWGN channel, AWGN channels, belief propagation solution, Bit error rate, Decoding, error floor reduction, finite-length regime, Gain, Joints, LDPC decoding, low-density parity-check decoding, pairwise marginal constraint, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree-like approximation, tree-structured expectation propagation, trees (mathematics)},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2011

Salamanca, Luis; Olmos, Pablo M; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

MAP Decoding for LDPC Codes over the Binary Erasure Channel Inproceedings

In: 2011 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, pp. 145–149, IEEE, Paraty, 2011, ISBN: 978-1-4577-0437-6.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, computational complexity, Decoding, generalized peeling decoder, generalized tree-structured expectation propagatio, graphical models, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, MAP decoding, MAP decoding algorithm, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree graph theory, Tree graphs, tree-structured expectation propagation, trees (mathematics)

@inproceedings{Salamanca2011a,

title = {MAP Decoding for LDPC Codes over the Binary Erasure Channel},

author = {Luis Salamanca and Pablo M Olmos and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6089364},

isbn = {978-1-4577-0437-6},

year = {2011},

date = {2011-01-01},

booktitle = {2011 IEEE Information Theory Workshop},

pages = {145--149},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Paraty},

abstract = {In this paper, we propose a decoding algorithm for LDPC codes that achieves the MAP solution over the BEC. This algorithm, denoted as generalized tree-structured expectation propagation (GTEP), extends the idea of our previous work, the TEP decoder. The GTEP modifies the graph by eliminating a check node of any degree and merging this information with the remaining graph. The GTEP decoder upon completion either provides the unique MAP solution or a tree graph in which the number of parent nodes indicates the multiplicity of the MAP solution. This algorithm can be easily described for the BEC, and it can be cast as a generalized peeling decoder. The GTEP naturally optimizes the complexity of the decoder, by looking for checks nodes of minimum degree to be eliminated first.},

keywords = {binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, computational complexity, Decoding, generalized peeling decoder, generalized tree-structured expectation propagatio, graphical models, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, MAP decoding, MAP decoding algorithm, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree graph theory, Tree graphs, tree-structured expectation propagation, trees (mathematics)},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2010

Olmos, Pablo M; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Tree-Structure Expectation Propagation for Decoding LDPC Codes over Binary Erasure Channels Inproceedings

In: 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 799–803, IEEE, Austin, TX, 2010, ISBN: 978-1-4244-7892-7.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: belief propagation, binary erasure channels, Bipartite graph, BP decoder, Capacity planning, Channel Coding, codeword, computational complexity, Decoding, Finishing, graph theory, H infinity control, LDPC code decoding, LDPC Tanner graph, Maxwell decoder, parity check codes, Performance analysis, tree structure expectation propagation, trees (mathematics), Upper bound

@inproceedings{Olmos2010,

title = {Tree-Structure Expectation Propagation for Decoding LDPC Codes over Binary Erasure Channels},

author = {Pablo M Olmos and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5513636},

isbn = {978-1-4244-7892-7},

year = {2010},

date = {2010-01-01},

booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory},

pages = {799--803},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Austin, TX},

abstract = {Expectation Propagation is a generalization to Belief Propagation (BP) in two ways. First, it can be used with any exponential family distribution over the cliques in the graph. Second, it can impose additional constraints on the marginal distributions. We use this second property to impose pair-wise marginal distribution constraints in some check nodes of the LDPC Tanner graph. These additional constraints allow decoding the received codeword when the BP decoder gets stuck. In this paper, we first present the new decoding algorithm, whose complexity is identical to the BP decoder, and we then prove that it is able to decode codewords with a larger fraction of erasures, as the block size tends to infinity. The proposed algorithm can be also understood as a simplification of the Maxwell decoder, but without its computational complexity. We also illustrate that the new algorithm outperforms the BP decoder for finite block-size codes.},

keywords = {belief propagation, binary erasure channels, Bipartite graph, BP decoder, Capacity planning, Channel Coding, codeword, computational complexity, Decoding, Finishing, graph theory, H infinity control, LDPC code decoding, LDPC Tanner graph, Maxwell decoder, parity check codes, Performance analysis, tree structure expectation propagation, trees (mathematics), Upper bound},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}