## 2015 |

## Journal Articles |

Elvira, Victor; Martino, Luca; Luengo, David; Bugallo, Monica Efficient Multiple Importance Sampling Estimators (Journal Article) IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 22 (10), pp. 1757–1761, 2015, ISSN: 1070-9908. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Adaptive importance sampling, classical mixture approach, computational complexity, Computational efficiency, Computer Simulation, deterministic mixture, estimation theory, Journal, Monte Carlo methods, multiple importance sampling, multiple importance sampling estimator, partial deterministic mixture MIS estimator, Proposals, signal sampling, Sociology, Standards, variance reduction, weight calculation) @article{Elvira2015b, title = {Efficient Multiple Importance Sampling Estimators}, author = {Elvira, Victor and Martino, Luca and Luengo, David and Bugallo, Monica F.}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7105865}, doi = {10.1109/LSP.2015.2432078}, issn = {1070-9908}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-10-01}, journal = {IEEE Signal Processing Letters}, volume = {22}, number = {10}, pages = {1757--1761}, publisher = {IEEE}, abstract = {Multiple importance sampling (MIS) methods use a set of proposal distributions from which samples are drawn. Each sample is then assigned an importance weight that can be obtained according to different strategies. This work is motivated by the trade-off between variance reduction and computational complexity of the different approaches (classical vs. deterministic mixture) available for the weight calculation. A new method that achieves an efficient compromise between both factors is introduced in this letter. It is based on forming a partition of the set of proposal distributions and computing the weights accordingly. Computer simulations show the excellent performance of the associated partial deterministic mixture MIS estimator.}, keywords = {Adaptive importance sampling, classical mixture approach, computational complexity, Computational efficiency, Computer Simulation, deterministic mixture, estimation theory, Journal, Monte Carlo methods, multiple importance sampling, multiple importance sampling estimator, partial deterministic mixture MIS estimator, Proposals, signal sampling, Sociology, Standards, variance reduction, weight calculation}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } Multiple importance sampling (MIS) methods use a set of proposal distributions from which samples are drawn. Each sample is then assigned an importance weight that can be obtained according to different strategies. This work is motivated by the trade-off between variance reduction and computational complexity of the different approaches (classical vs. deterministic mixture) available for the weight calculation. A new method that achieves an efficient compromise between both factors is introduced in this letter. It is based on forming a partition of the set of proposal distributions and computing the weights accordingly. Computer simulations show the excellent performance of the associated partial deterministic mixture MIS estimator. |

## 2014 |

## Journal Articles |

Cespedes, Javier; Olmos, Pablo; Sanchez-Fernandez, Matilde; Perez-Cruz, Fernando Expectation Propagation Detection for High-order High-dimensional MIMO Systems (Journal Article) IEEE Transactions on Communications, PP (99), pp. 1–1, 2014, ISSN: 0090-6778. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation methods, computational complexity, Detectors, MIMO, Signal to noise ratio, Vectors) @article{Cespedes2014, title = {Expectation Propagation Detection for High-order High-dimensional MIMO Systems}, author = {Cespedes, Javier and Olmos, Pablo M. and Sanchez-Fernandez, Matilde and Perez-Cruz, Fernando}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6841617}, issn = {0090-6778}, year = {2014}, date = {2014-01-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Communications}, volume = {PP}, number = {99}, pages = {1--1}, abstract = {Modern communications systems use multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and high-order QAM constellations for maximizing spectral efficiency. However, as the number of antennas and the order of the constellation grow, the design of efficient and low-complexity MIMO receivers possesses big technical challenges. For example, symbol detection can no longer rely on maximum likelihood detection or sphere-decoding methods, as their complexity increases exponentially with the number of transmitters/receivers. In this paper, we propose a low-complexity high-accuracy MIMO symbol detector based on the Expectation Propagation (EP) algorithm. EP allows approximating iteratively at polynomial-time the posterior distribution of the transmitted symbols. We also show that our EP MIMO detector outperforms classic and state-of-the-art solutions reducing the symbol error rate at a reduced computational complexity.}, keywords = {Approximation methods, computational complexity, Detectors, MIMO, Signal to noise ratio, Vectors}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } Modern communications systems use multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and high-order QAM constellations for maximizing spectral efficiency. However, as the number of antennas and the order of the constellation grow, the design of efficient and low-complexity MIMO receivers possesses big technical challenges. For example, symbol detection can no longer rely on maximum likelihood detection or sphere-decoding methods, as their complexity increases exponentially with the number of transmitters/receivers. In this paper, we propose a low-complexity high-accuracy MIMO symbol detector based on the Expectation Propagation (EP) algorithm. EP allows approximating iteratively at polynomial-time the posterior distribution of the transmitted symbols. We also show that our EP MIMO detector outperforms classic and state-of-the-art solutions reducing the symbol error rate at a reduced computational complexity. |

## 2012 |

## Inproceedings |

Garcia-Moreno, Pablo; Artés-Rodríguez, Antonio; Hansen, Lars Kai A Hold-out Method to Correct PCA Variance Inflation (Inproceeding) 2012 3rd International Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing (CIP), pp. 1–6, IEEE, Baiona, 2012, ISBN: 978-1-4673-1878-5. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation methods, classification scenario, computational complexity, computational cost, Computational efficiency, correction method, hold-out method, hold-out procedure, leave-one-out procedure, LOO method, LOO procedure, Mathematical model, PCA algorithm, PCA variance inflation, Principal component analysis, singular value decomposition, Standards, SVD, Training) @inproceedings{Garcia-Moreno2012, title = {A Hold-out Method to Correct PCA Variance Inflation}, author = {Garcia-Moreno, Pablo and Artés-Rodríguez, Antonio and Hansen, Lars Kai}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6232926}, isbn = {978-1-4673-1878-5}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-01-01}, booktitle = {2012 3rd International Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing (CIP)}, pages = {1--6}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Baiona}, abstract = {In this paper we analyze the problem of variance inflation experienced by the PCA algorithm when working in an ill-posed scenario where the dimensionality of the training set is larger than its sample size. In an earlier article a correction method based on a Leave-One-Out (LOO) procedure was introduced. We propose a Hold-out procedure whose computational cost is lower and, unlike the LOO method, the number of SVD's does not scale with the sample size. We analyze its properties from a theoretical and empirical point of view. Finally we apply it to a real classification scenario.}, keywords = {Approximation methods, classification scenario, computational complexity, computational cost, Computational efficiency, correction method, hold-out method, hold-out procedure, leave-one-out procedure, LOO method, LOO procedure, Mathematical model, PCA algorithm, PCA variance inflation, Principal component analysis, singular value decomposition, Standards, SVD, Training}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In this paper we analyze the problem of variance inflation experienced by the PCA algorithm when working in an ill-posed scenario where the dimensionality of the training set is larger than its sample size. In an earlier article a correction method based on a Leave-One-Out (LOO) procedure was introduced. We propose a Hold-out procedure whose computational cost is lower and, unlike the LOO method, the number of SVD's does not scale with the sample size. We analyze its properties from a theoretical and empirical point of view. Finally we apply it to a real classification scenario. |

Zhong, Jingshan; Dauwels, Justin; Vazquez, Manuel; Waller, Laura Efficient Gaussian Inference Algorithms for Phase Imaging (Inproceeding) 2012 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 617–620, IEEE, Kyoto, 2012, ISSN: 1520-6149. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: biomedical optical imaging, complex optical field, computational complexity, defocus distances, Fourier domain, Gaussian inference algorithms, image sequences, inference mechanisms, intensity image sequence, iterative Kalman smoothing, iterative methods, Kalman filter, Kalman filters, Kalman recursions, linear model, Manganese, Mathematical model, medical image processing, Noise, noisy intensity image, nonlinear observation model, Optical imaging, Optical sensors, Phase imaging, phase inference algorithms, smoothing methods) @inproceedings{Zhong2012a, title = {Efficient Gaussian Inference Algorithms for Phase Imaging}, author = {Zhong, Jingshan and Dauwels, Justin and Vazquez, Manuel A. and Waller, Laura}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6287959}, issn = {1520-6149}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-01-01}, booktitle = {2012 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)}, pages = {617--620}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Kyoto}, abstract = {Novel efficient algorithms are developed to infer the phase of a complex optical field from a sequence of intensity images taken at different defocus distances. The non-linear observation model is approximated by a linear model. The complex optical field is inferred by iterative Kalman smoothing in the Fourier domain: forward and backward sweeps of Kalman recursions are alternated, and in each such sweep, the approximate linear model is refined. By limiting the number of iterations, one can trade off accuracy vs. complexity. The complexity of each iteration in the proposed algorithm is in the order of N logN, where N is the number of pixels per image. The storage required scales linearly with N. In contrast, the complexity of existing phase inference algorithms scales with N3 and the required storage with N2. The proposed algorithms may enable real-time estimation of optical fields from noisy intensity images.}, keywords = {biomedical optical imaging, complex optical field, computational complexity, defocus distances, Fourier domain, Gaussian inference algorithms, image sequences, inference mechanisms, intensity image sequence, iterative Kalman smoothing, iterative methods, Kalman filter, Kalman filters, Kalman recursions, linear model, Manganese, Mathematical model, medical image processing, Noise, noisy intensity image, nonlinear observation model, Optical imaging, Optical sensors, Phase imaging, phase inference algorithms, smoothing methods}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } Novel efficient algorithms are developed to infer the phase of a complex optical field from a sequence of intensity images taken at different defocus distances. The non-linear observation model is approximated by a linear model. The complex optical field is inferred by iterative Kalman smoothing in the Fourier domain: forward and backward sweeps of Kalman recursions are alternated, and in each such sweep, the approximate linear model is refined. By limiting the number of iterations, one can trade off accuracy vs. complexity. The complexity of each iteration in the proposed algorithm is in the order of N logN, where N is the number of pixels per image. The storage required scales linearly with N. In contrast, the complexity of existing phase inference algorithms scales with N3 and the required storage with N2. The proposed algorithms may enable real-time estimation of optical fields from noisy intensity images. |

## 2011 |

## Journal Articles |

Olmos, Pablo; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation for Decoding Finite-Length LDPC Codes (Journal Article) IEEE Communications Letters, 15 (2), pp. 235–237, 2011, ISSN: 1089-7798. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: belief propagation decoder, BP algorithm, BP decoder, code graph, communication complexity, computational complexity, Decoding, finite-length analysis, finite-length low-density parity-check code, LDPC code, LDPC decoding, parity check codes, radiowave propagation, stopping set, TEP algorithm, TEP decoder, tree-structured expectation propagation) @article{Olmos2011c, title = {Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation for Decoding Finite-Length LDPC Codes}, author = {Olmos, Pablo M. and Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose and Perez-Cruz, Fernando}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5682215}, issn = {1089-7798}, year = {2011}, date = {2011-01-01}, journal = {IEEE Communications Letters}, volume = {15}, number = {2}, pages = {235--237}, abstract = {In this paper, we propose Tree-structured Expectation Propagation (TEP) algorithm to decode finite-length Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes. The TEP decoder is able to continue decoding once the standard Belief Propagation (BP) decoder fails, presenting the same computational complexity as the BP decoder. The BP algorithm is dominated by the presence of stopping sets (SSs) in the code graph. We show that the TEP decoder, without previous knowledge of the graph, naturally avoids some fairly common SSs. This results in a significant improvement in the system performance.}, keywords = {belief propagation decoder, BP algorithm, BP decoder, code graph, communication complexity, computational complexity, Decoding, finite-length analysis, finite-length low-density parity-check code, LDPC code, LDPC decoding, parity check codes, radiowave propagation, stopping set, TEP algorithm, TEP decoder, tree-structured expectation propagation}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } In this paper, we propose Tree-structured Expectation Propagation (TEP) algorithm to decode finite-length Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes. The TEP decoder is able to continue decoding once the standard Belief Propagation (BP) decoder fails, presenting the same computational complexity as the BP decoder. The BP algorithm is dominated by the presence of stopping sets (SSs) in the code graph. We show that the TEP decoder, without previous knowledge of the graph, naturally avoids some fairly common SSs. This results in a significant improvement in the system performance. |

## Inproceedings |

Salamanca, Luis; Olmos, Pablo; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando MAP Decoding for LDPC Codes over the Binary Erasure Channel (Inproceeding) 2011 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, pp. 145–149, IEEE, Paraty, 2011, ISBN: 978-1-4577-0437-6. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, computational complexity, Decoding, generalized peeling decoder, generalized tree-structured expectation propagatio, graphical models, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, MAP decoding, MAP decoding algorithm, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree graph theory, Tree graphs, tree-structured expectation propagation, trees (mathematics)) @inproceedings{Salamanca2011a, title = {MAP Decoding for LDPC Codes over the Binary Erasure Channel}, author = {Salamanca, Luis and Olmos, Pablo M. and Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose and Perez-Cruz, Fernando}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6089364}, isbn = {978-1-4577-0437-6}, year = {2011}, date = {2011-01-01}, booktitle = {2011 IEEE Information Theory Workshop}, pages = {145--149}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Paraty}, abstract = {In this paper, we propose a decoding algorithm for LDPC codes that achieves the MAP solution over the BEC. This algorithm, denoted as generalized tree-structured expectation propagation (GTEP), extends the idea of our previous work, the TEP decoder. The GTEP modifies the graph by eliminating a check node of any degree and merging this information with the remaining graph. The GTEP decoder upon completion either provides the unique MAP solution or a tree graph in which the number of parent nodes indicates the multiplicity of the MAP solution. This algorithm can be easily described for the BEC, and it can be cast as a generalized peeling decoder. The GTEP naturally optimizes the complexity of the decoder, by looking for checks nodes of minimum degree to be eliminated first.}, keywords = {binary erasure channel, Channel Coding, computational complexity, Decoding, generalized peeling decoder, generalized tree-structured expectation propagatio, graphical models, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, MAP decoding, MAP decoding algorithm, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree graph theory, Tree graphs, tree-structured expectation propagation, trees (mathematics)}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In this paper, we propose a decoding algorithm for LDPC codes that achieves the MAP solution over the BEC. This algorithm, denoted as generalized tree-structured expectation propagation (GTEP), extends the idea of our previous work, the TEP decoder. The GTEP modifies the graph by eliminating a check node of any degree and merging this information with the remaining graph. The GTEP decoder upon completion either provides the unique MAP solution or a tree graph in which the number of parent nodes indicates the multiplicity of the MAP solution. This algorithm can be easily described for the BEC, and it can be cast as a generalized peeling decoder. The GTEP naturally optimizes the complexity of the decoder, by looking for checks nodes of minimum degree to be eliminated first. |

## 2010 |

## Inproceedings |

Vazquez, Manuel; Miguez, Joaquin Adaptive MLSD for MIMO Transmission Systems with Unknown Subchannel Orders (Inproceeding) 2010 7th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, pp. 451–455, IEEE, York, 2010, ISSN: 2154-0217. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Bit error rate, Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Estimation, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO communication, MIMO transmission systems, multiple subchannels, per survivor processing methodology, pilot data, Receivers, Signal to noise ratio, Time frequency analysis, time selective MIMO channel) @inproceedings{Vazquez2010, title = {Adaptive MLSD for MIMO Transmission Systems with Unknown Subchannel Orders}, author = {Vazquez, Manuel A. and Miguez, Joaquin}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5624335}, issn = {2154-0217}, year = {2010}, date = {2010-01-01}, booktitle = {2010 7th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems}, pages = {451--455}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {York}, abstract = {In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This very frequently leads to overestimating the channel order, which increases the computational complexity of any maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) algorithm, while degrading its performance at the same time. The problem of estimating a single channel order for a time and frequency selective MIMO channel has recently been tackled. However, this is an idealized approach, since a MIMO channel comprises multiple subchannels (as many as the number of inputs times that of the outputs), each of them possibly with its own order. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including one channel order per output. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and it is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver.}, keywords = {Bit error rate, Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Estimation, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO communication, MIMO transmission systems, multiple subchannels, per survivor processing methodology, pilot data, Receivers, Signal to noise ratio, Time frequency analysis, time selective MIMO channel}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This very frequently leads to overestimating the channel order, which increases the computational complexity of any maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) algorithm, while degrading its performance at the same time. The problem of estimating a single channel order for a time and frequency selective MIMO channel has recently been tackled. However, this is an idealized approach, since a MIMO channel comprises multiple subchannels (as many as the number of inputs times that of the outputs), each of them possibly with its own order. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including one channel order per output. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and it is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver. |

Olmos, Pablo; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando Tree-Structure Expectation Propagation for Decoding LDPC Codes over Binary Erasure Channels (Inproceeding) 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 799–803, IEEE, Austin, TX, 2010, ISBN: 978-1-4244-7892-7. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: belief propagation, binary erasure channels, Bipartite graph, BP decoder, Capacity planning, Channel Coding, codeword, computational complexity, Decoding, Finishing, graph theory, H infinity control, LDPC code decoding, LDPC Tanner graph, Maxwell decoder, parity check codes, Performance analysis, tree structure expectation propagation, trees (mathematics), Upper bound) @inproceedings{Olmos2010, title = {Tree-Structure Expectation Propagation for Decoding LDPC Codes over Binary Erasure Channels}, author = {Olmos, Pablo M. and Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose and Perez-Cruz, Fernando}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5513636}, isbn = {978-1-4244-7892-7}, year = {2010}, date = {2010-01-01}, booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory}, pages = {799--803}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Austin, TX}, abstract = {Expectation Propagation is a generalization to Belief Propagation (BP) in two ways. First, it can be used with any exponential family distribution over the cliques in the graph. Second, it can impose additional constraints on the marginal distributions. We use this second property to impose pair-wise marginal distribution constraints in some check nodes of the LDPC Tanner graph. These additional constraints allow decoding the received codeword when the BP decoder gets stuck. In this paper, we first present the new decoding algorithm, whose complexity is identical to the BP decoder, and we then prove that it is able to decode codewords with a larger fraction of erasures, as the block size tends to infinity. The proposed algorithm can be also understood as a simplification of the Maxwell decoder, but without its computational complexity. We also illustrate that the new algorithm outperforms the BP decoder for finite block-size codes.}, keywords = {belief propagation, binary erasure channels, Bipartite graph, BP decoder, Capacity planning, Channel Coding, codeword, computational complexity, Decoding, Finishing, graph theory, H infinity control, LDPC code decoding, LDPC Tanner graph, Maxwell decoder, parity check codes, Performance analysis, tree structure expectation propagation, trees (mathematics), Upper bound}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } Expectation Propagation is a generalization to Belief Propagation (BP) in two ways. First, it can be used with any exponential family distribution over the cliques in the graph. Second, it can impose additional constraints on the marginal distributions. We use this second property to impose pair-wise marginal distribution constraints in some check nodes of the LDPC Tanner graph. These additional constraints allow decoding the received codeword when the BP decoder gets stuck. In this paper, we first present the new decoding algorithm, whose complexity is identical to the BP decoder, and we then prove that it is able to decode codewords with a larger fraction of erasures, as the block size tends to infinity. The proposed algorithm can be also understood as a simplification of the Maxwell decoder, but without its computational complexity. We also illustrate that the new algorithm outperforms the BP decoder for finite block-size codes. |

## 2008 |

## Inproceedings |

Vazquez, Manuel; Miguez, Joaquin A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order (Inproceeding) 2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas, pp. 387–391, IEEE, Vienna, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4244-1756-8. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas) @inproceedings{Vazquez2008, title = {A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order}, author = {Vazquez, Manuel A. and Miguez, Joaquin}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=4475587}, isbn = {978-1-4244-1756-8}, year = {2008}, date = {2008-01-01}, booktitle = {2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas}, pages = {387--391}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Vienna}, abstract = {In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This possibly means overestimating the channel order, and is not desirable since the computational complexity of maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) in frequency-selective channels grows exponentially with the channel order. In addition to that, the higher the channel order considered, the more the number of channel coefficients that need to be estimated from the same set of observations. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including its order. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver}, keywords = {Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This possibly means overestimating the channel order, and is not desirable since the computational complexity of maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) in frequency-selective channels grows exponentially with the channel order. In addition to that, the higher the channel order considered, the more the number of channel coefficients that need to be estimated from the same set of observations. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including its order. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver |

Vazquez, Manuel; Miguez, Joaquin A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order (Inproceeding) 2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas, pp. 387–391, IEEE, Vienna, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4244-1756-8. (Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas) @inproceedings{Vazquez2008a, title = {A Per-Survivor Processing Algorithm for Maximum Likelihood Equalization of MIMO Channels with Unknown Order}, author = {Vazquez, Manuel A. and Miguez, Joaquin}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=4475587}, isbn = {978-1-4244-1756-8}, year = {2008}, date = {2008-01-01}, booktitle = {2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas}, pages = {387--391}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Vienna}, abstract = {In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This possibly means overestimating the channel order, and is not desirable since the computational complexity of maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) in frequency-selective channels grows exponentially with the channel order. In addition to that, the higher the channel order considered, the more the number of channel coefficients that need to be estimated from the same set of observations. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including its order. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver.}, keywords = {Channel estimation, channel impulse response, computational complexity, Computer science education, Computer Simulation, Degradation, Frequency, frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output, maximum likelihood detection, maximum likelihood equalization, maximum likelihood estimation, maximum likelihood sequence detection, maximum likelihood sequence estimation, MIMO, MIMO channels, MIMO communication, per-survivor processing algorithm, time-selective channels, Transmitting antennas}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In the equalization of frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels it is usually assumed that the length of the channel impulse response (CIR), also referred to as the channel order, is known. However, this is not true in most practical situations and, in order to avoid the serious performance degradation that occurs when the CIR length is underestimated, a channel with "more than enough" taps is usually considered. This possibly means overestimating the channel order, and is not desirable since the computational complexity of maximum likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) in frequency-selective channels grows exponentially with the channel order. In addition to that, the higher the channel order considered, the more the number of channel coefficients that need to be estimated from the same set of observations. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for MLSD that incorporates the full estimation of the MIMO CIR parameters, including its order. The proposed technique is based on the per survivor processing (PSP) methodology, it admits both blind and semiblind implementations, depending on the availability of pilot data, and is designed to work with time-selective channels. Besides the analytical derivation of the algorithm, we provide computer simulation results that illustrate the effectiveness of the resulting receiver. |