### 2015

Santos, Irene; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Olmos, Pablo M

Block Expectation Propagation Equalization for ISI Channels Inproceedings

In: 2015 23rd European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO), pp. 379–383, IEEE, Nice, 2015, ISBN: 978-0-9928-6263-3.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, BCJR algorithm, channel equalization, Complexity theory, Decoding, Equalizers, expectation propagation, ISI, low complexity, Signal processing algorithms

@inproceedings{Santos2015,

title = {Block Expectation Propagation Equalization for ISI Channels},

author = {Irene Santos and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Pablo M Olmos},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=7362409},

doi = {10.1109/EUSIPCO.2015.7362409},

isbn = {978-0-9928-6263-3},

year = {2015},

date = {2015-08-01},

booktitle = {2015 23rd European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO)},

pages = {379--383},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Nice},

abstract = {Actual communications systems use high-order modulations and channels with memory. However, as the memory of the channels and the order of the constellations grow, optimal equalization such as BCJR algorithm is computationally intractable, as their complexity increases exponentially with the number of taps and size of modulation. In this paper, we propose a novel low-complexity hard and soft output equalizer based on the Expectation Propagation (EP) algorithm that provides high-accuracy posterior probability estimations at the input of the channel decoder with similar computational complexity than the linear MMSE. We experimentally show that this quasi-optimal solution outperforms classical solutions reducing the bit error probability with low complexity when LDPC channel decoding is used, avoiding the curse of dimensionality with channel memory and constellation size.},

keywords = {Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, BCJR algorithm, channel equalization, Complexity theory, Decoding, Equalizers, expectation propagation, ISI, low complexity, Signal processing algorithms},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2014

Cespedes, Javier; Olmos, Pablo M; Sanchez-Fernandez, Matilde; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Improved Performance of LDPC-Coded MIMO Systems with EP-based Soft-Decisions Inproceedings

In: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 1997–2001, IEEE, Honolulu, 2014, ISBN: 978-1-4799-5186-4.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, approximation theory, Channel Coding, channel decoder, communication complexity, complexity, Complexity theory, Detectors, encoding scheme, EP soft bit probability, EP-based soft decision, error statistics, expectation propagation, expectation-maximisation algorithm, expectation-propagation algorithm, Gaussian approximation, Gaussian channels, LDPC, LDPC coded MIMO system, Low Complexity receiver, MIMO, MIMO communication, MIMO communication systems, MIMO receiver, modern communication system, multiple input multiple output, parity check codes, per-antenna soft bit probability, posterior marginalization problem, posterior probability computation, QAM constellation, Quadrature amplitude modulation, radio receivers, signaling, spectral analysis, spectral efficiency maximization, symbol detection, telecommunication signalling, Vectors

@inproceedings{Cespedes2014b,

title = {Improved Performance of LDPC-Coded MIMO Systems with EP-based Soft-Decisions},

author = {Javier Cespedes and Pablo M Olmos and Matilde Sanchez-Fernandez and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6875183},

isbn = {978-1-4799-5186-4},

year = {2014},

date = {2014-01-01},

booktitle = {2014 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory},

pages = {1997--2001},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Honolulu},

abstract = {Modern communications systems use efficient encoding schemes, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and high-order QAM constellations for maximizing spectral efficiency. However, as the dimensions of the system grow, the design of efficient and low-complexity MIMO receivers possesses technical challenges. Symbol detection can no longer rely on conventional approaches for posterior probability computation due to complexity. Marginalization of this posterior to obtain per-antenna soft-bit probabilities to be fed to a channel decoder is computationally challenging when realistic signaling is used. In this work, we propose to use Expectation Propagation (EP) algorithm to provide an accurate low-complexity Gaussian approximation to the posterior, easily solving the posterior marginalization problem. EP soft-bit probabilities are used in an LDPC-coded MIMO system, achieving outstanding performance improvement compared to similar approaches in the literature for low-complexity LDPC MIMO decoding.},

keywords = {Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, approximation theory, Channel Coding, channel decoder, communication complexity, complexity, Complexity theory, Detectors, encoding scheme, EP soft bit probability, EP-based soft decision, error statistics, expectation propagation, expectation-maximisation algorithm, expectation-propagation algorithm, Gaussian approximation, Gaussian channels, LDPC, LDPC coded MIMO system, Low Complexity receiver, MIMO, MIMO communication, MIMO communication systems, MIMO receiver, modern communication system, multiple input multiple output, parity check codes, per-antenna soft bit probability, posterior marginalization problem, posterior probability computation, QAM constellation, Quadrature amplitude modulation, radio receivers, signaling, spectral analysis, spectral efficiency maximization, symbol detection, telecommunication signalling, Vectors},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2013

Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Olmos, Pablo M; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Improving the BP Estimate over the AWGN Channel Using Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation Inproceedings

In: 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 2990–2994, IEEE, Istanbul, 2013, ISSN: 2157-8095.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, AWGN channels, BEC, belief propagation decoding, BI-AWGN channel, binary additive white Gaussian noise channel, binary erasure channel, BP estimation, Channel Coding, Complexity theory, error rate reduction, error statistics, Expectation, finite-length codes, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, LDPC decoding, low-density parity-check decoding, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, posterior distribution, Propagation, TEP algorithm, tree-structured expectation propagation algorithm, trees (mathematics)

@inproceedings{Salamanca2013,

title = {Improving the BP Estimate over the AWGN Channel Using Tree-Structured Expectation Propagation},

author = {Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Pablo M Olmos and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6620774},

issn = {2157-8095},

year = {2013},

date = {2013-01-01},

booktitle = {2013 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory},

pages = {2990--2994},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Istanbul},

abstract = {In this paper, we propose the tree-structured expectation propagation (TEP) algorithm for low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoding over the binary additive white Gaussian noise (BI-AWGN) channel. By approximating the posterior distribution by a tree-structure factorization, the TEP has been proven to improve belief propagation (BP) decoding over the binary erasure channel (BEC). We show for the AWGN channel how the TEP decoder is also able to capture additional information disregarded by the BP solution, which leads to a noticeable reduction of the error rate for finite-length codes. We show that for the range of codes of interest, the TEP gain is obtained with a slight increase in complexity over that of the BP algorithm. An efficient way of constructing the tree-like structure is also described.},

keywords = {Approximation algorithms, Approximation methods, AWGN channels, BEC, belief propagation decoding, BI-AWGN channel, binary additive white Gaussian noise channel, binary erasure channel, BP estimation, Channel Coding, Complexity theory, error rate reduction, error statistics, Expectation, finite-length codes, Iterative decoding, LDPC codes, LDPC decoding, low-density parity-check decoding, Maximum likelihood decoding, parity check codes, posterior distribution, Propagation, TEP algorithm, tree-structured expectation propagation algorithm, trees (mathematics)},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2012

Olmos, Pablo M; Perez-Cruz, Fernando; Salamanca, Luis; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose

Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes under TEP Decoding Inproceedings

In: 2012 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, pp. 1–6, IEEE, Lausanne, 2012, ISBN: 978-1-4673-0223-4.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: asymptotic limit, belief propagation decoding, Complexity theory, convolutional codes, convolutional LDPC codes, Decoding, decoding latency, decoding threshold, erasure channel, Error analysis, error rates, finite-length analysis, finite-length performance, maximum a posteriori threshold, maximum likelihood estimation, parity check codes, regular sparse codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes, TEP decoding, tree-structured expectation propagation, underlying regular code, very large code length, window-sliding scheme

@inproceedings{Olmos2012,

title = {Finite-Length Performance of Spatially-Coupled LDPC Codes under TEP Decoding},

author = {Pablo M Olmos and Fernando Perez-Cruz and Luis Salamanca and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6404722},

isbn = {978-1-4673-0223-4},

year = {2012},

date = {2012-01-01},

booktitle = {2012 IEEE Information Theory Workshop},

pages = {1--6},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {Lausanne},

keywords = {asymptotic limit, belief propagation decoding, Complexity theory, convolutional codes, convolutional LDPC codes, Decoding, decoding latency, decoding threshold, erasure channel, Error analysis, error rates, finite-length analysis, finite-length performance, maximum a posteriori threshold, maximum likelihood estimation, parity check codes, regular sparse codes, spatially-coupled LDPC codes, TEP decoding, tree-structured expectation propagation, underlying regular code, very large code length, window-sliding scheme},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}

### 2011

Olmos, Pablo M; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan Jose; Perez-Cruz, Fernando

Capacity Achieving LDPC Ensembles for the TEP Decoder in Erasure Channels Inproceedings

In: 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings, pp. 2398–2402, IEEE, St. Petersburg, 2011, ISSN: 2157-8095.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: BP threshold, Complexity theory, Decoding, Differential equations, erasure channels, fixed-rate code, Iterative decoding, LDPC, low-density parity-check codes, MAP capacity, MAP threshold, optimisation, Optimization, optimization problem, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree-expectation propagation decoder

@inproceedings{Olmos2011b,

title = {Capacity Achieving LDPC Ensembles for the TEP Decoder in Erasure Channels},

author = {Pablo M Olmos and Juan Jose Murillo-Fuentes and Fernando Perez-Cruz},

url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6033993},

issn = {2157-8095},

year = {2011},

date = {2011-01-01},

booktitle = {2011 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings},

pages = {2398--2402},

publisher = {IEEE},

address = {St. Petersburg},

abstract = {In this work we address the design of degree distributions (DD) of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes for the tree-expectation propagation (TEP) decoder. The optimization problem to find distributions to maximize the TEP decoding threshold for a fixed-rate code can not be analytically solved. We derive a simplified optimization problem that can be easily solved since it is based in the analytic expressions of the peeling decoder. Two kinds of solutions are obtained from this problem: we either design LDPC ensembles for which the BP threshold equals the MAP threshold or we get LDPC ensembles for which the TEP threshold outperforms the BP threshold, even achieving the MAP capacity in some cases. Hence, we proved that there exist ensembles for which the MAP solution can be obtained with linear complexity even though the BP threshold does not achieve the MAP threshold.},

keywords = {BP threshold, Complexity theory, Decoding, Differential equations, erasure channels, fixed-rate code, Iterative decoding, LDPC, low-density parity-check codes, MAP capacity, MAP threshold, optimisation, Optimization, optimization problem, parity check codes, TEP decoder, tree-expectation propagation decoder},

pubstate = {published},

tppubtype = {inproceedings}

}