## 2013 |

## Journal Articles |

Vazquez, Manuel A; Miguez, Joaquin User Activity Tracking in DS-CDMA Systems Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 62 (7), pp. 3188–3203, 2013, ISSN: 0018-9545. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Activity detection, activity tracking, Bayes methods, Bayesian framework, Channel estimation, code division multiple access, code-division multiple access (CDMA), computer simulations, data detection, direct sequence code division multiple-access, DS-CDMA systems, Equations, joint channel and data estimation, joint channel estimation, Joints, MAP equalizers, Mathematical model, maximum a posteriori, MIMO communication, Multiaccess communication, multiple-input-multiple-output communication chann, multiuser communication systems, per-survivor processing (PSP), radio receivers, Receivers, sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods, time-varying number, time-varying parameter, Vectors, wireless channels @article{Vazquez2013a, title = {User Activity Tracking in DS-CDMA Systems}, author = {Manuel A Vazquez and Joaquin Miguez}, url = {http://www.tsc.uc3m.es/~jmiguez/papers/P39_2013_User Activity Tracking in DS-CDMA Systems.pdf http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6473922}, issn = {0018-9545}, year = {2013}, date = {2013-01-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology}, volume = {62}, number = {7}, pages = {3188--3203}, abstract = {In modern multiuser communication systems, users are allowed to enter or leave the system at any given time. Thus, the number of active users is an unknown and time-varying parameter, and the performance of the system depends on how accurately this parameter is estimated over time. The so-called problem of user identification, which consists of determining the number and identities of users transmitting in a communication system, is usually solved prior to, and hence independently of, that posed by the detection of the transmitted data. Since both problems are tightly connected, a joint solution is desirable. In this paper, we focus on direct-sequence (DS) code-division multiple-access (CDMA) systems and derive, within a Bayesian framework, different receivers that cope with an unknown and time-varying number of users while performing joint channel estimation and data detection. The main feature of these receivers, compared with other recently proposed schemes for user activity detection, is that they are natural extensions of existing maximum a posteriori (MAP) equalizers for multiple-input-multiple-output communication channels. We assess the validity of the proposed receivers, including their reliability in detecting the number and identities of active users, by way of computer simulations.}, keywords = {Activity detection, activity tracking, Bayes methods, Bayesian framework, Channel estimation, code division multiple access, code-division multiple access (CDMA), computer simulations, data detection, direct sequence code division multiple-access, DS-CDMA systems, Equations, joint channel and data estimation, joint channel estimation, Joints, MAP equalizers, Mathematical model, maximum a posteriori, MIMO communication, Multiaccess communication, multiple-input-multiple-output communication chann, multiuser communication systems, per-survivor processing (PSP), radio receivers, Receivers, sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods, time-varying number, time-varying parameter, Vectors, wireless channels}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } In modern multiuser communication systems, users are allowed to enter or leave the system at any given time. Thus, the number of active users is an unknown and time-varying parameter, and the performance of the system depends on how accurately this parameter is estimated over time. The so-called problem of user identification, which consists of determining the number and identities of users transmitting in a communication system, is usually solved prior to, and hence independently of, that posed by the detection of the transmitted data. Since both problems are tightly connected, a joint solution is desirable. In this paper, we focus on direct-sequence (DS) code-division multiple-access (CDMA) systems and derive, within a Bayesian framework, different receivers that cope with an unknown and time-varying number of users while performing joint channel estimation and data detection. The main feature of these receivers, compared with other recently proposed schemes for user activity detection, is that they are natural extensions of existing maximum a posteriori (MAP) equalizers for multiple-input-multiple-output communication channels. We assess the validity of the proposed receivers, including their reliability in detecting the number and identities of active users, by way of computer simulations. |

## 2012 |

## Journal Articles |

Cruz-Roldan, Fernando; Dominguez-Jimenez, María Elena; Vidal, Gabriela Sansigre; Amo-Lopez, Pedro; Blanco-Velasco, Manuel; Bravo-Santos, Ángel M On the Use of Discrete Cosine Transforms for Multicarrier Communications Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 60 (11), pp. 6085–6090, 2012, ISSN: 1053-587X. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: broadband networks, carrier frequency offset, Carrier-frequency offset (CFO), CFO, channel equalization, computer simulations, Convolution, Data communication, data symbol, DCT, DFT, discrete cosine transform (DCT), discrete cosine transform domain, Discrete cosine transforms, discrete Fourier transforms, discrete multitone modulation (DMT), discrete trigonometric domain, element-by-element multiplication, equalisers, equivalent channel impulse response, linear convolution, mobile broadband wireless communication, mobile radio, Modulation, multicarrier communications, multicarrier data transmission, multicarrier modulation (MCM), multicarrier transceiver, OFDM, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), Receivers, Redundancy, subcarrier equalizers, symmetric convolution-multiplication property, symmetric redundancy, time-domain analysis, transient response, transmission channel @article{Cruz-Roldan2012, title = {On the Use of Discrete Cosine Transforms for Multicarrier Communications}, author = {Fernando Cruz-Roldan and María Elena Dominguez-Jimenez and Gabriela Sansigre Vidal and Pedro Amo-Lopez and Manuel Blanco-Velasco and Ángel M Bravo-Santos}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6252068}, issn = {1053-587X}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-01-01}, journal = {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing}, volume = {60}, number = {11}, pages = {6085--6090}, abstract = {In this correspondence, the conditions to use any kind of discrete cosine transform (DCT) for multicarrier data transmission are derived. The symmetric convolution-multiplication property of each DCT implies that when symmetric convolution is performed in the time domain, an element-by-element multiplication is performed in the corresponding discrete trigonometric domain. Therefore, appending symmetric redundancy (as prefix and suffix) into each data symbol to be transmitted, and also enforcing symmetry for the equivalent channel impulse response, the linear convolution performed in the transmission channel becomes a symmetric convolution in those samples of interest. Furthermore, the channel equalization can be carried out by means of a bank of scalars in the corresponding discrete cosine transform domain. The expressions for obtaining the value of each scalar corresponding to these one-tap per subcarrier equalizers are presented. This study is completed with several computer simulations in mobile broadband wireless communication scenarios, considering the presence of carrier frequency offset (CFO). The obtained results indicate that the proposed systems outperform the standardized ones based on the DFT.}, keywords = {broadband networks, carrier frequency offset, Carrier-frequency offset (CFO), CFO, channel equalization, computer simulations, Convolution, Data communication, data symbol, DCT, DFT, discrete cosine transform (DCT), discrete cosine transform domain, Discrete cosine transforms, discrete Fourier transforms, discrete multitone modulation (DMT), discrete trigonometric domain, element-by-element multiplication, equalisers, equivalent channel impulse response, linear convolution, mobile broadband wireless communication, mobile radio, Modulation, multicarrier communications, multicarrier data transmission, multicarrier modulation (MCM), multicarrier transceiver, OFDM, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), Receivers, Redundancy, subcarrier equalizers, symmetric convolution-multiplication property, symmetric redundancy, time-domain analysis, transient response, transmission channel}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {article} } In this correspondence, the conditions to use any kind of discrete cosine transform (DCT) for multicarrier data transmission are derived. The symmetric convolution-multiplication property of each DCT implies that when symmetric convolution is performed in the time domain, an element-by-element multiplication is performed in the corresponding discrete trigonometric domain. Therefore, appending symmetric redundancy (as prefix and suffix) into each data symbol to be transmitted, and also enforcing symmetry for the equivalent channel impulse response, the linear convolution performed in the transmission channel becomes a symmetric convolution in those samples of interest. Furthermore, the channel equalization can be carried out by means of a bank of scalars in the corresponding discrete cosine transform domain. The expressions for obtaining the value of each scalar corresponding to these one-tap per subcarrier equalizers are presented. This study is completed with several computer simulations in mobile broadband wireless communication scenarios, considering the presence of carrier frequency offset (CFO). The obtained results indicate that the proposed systems outperform the standardized ones based on the DFT. |

## 2009 |

## Inproceedings |

Maiz, Cristina S; Miguez, Joaquin; Djuric, Petar M Particle Filtering in the Presence of Outliers Inproceedings 2009 IEEE/SP 15th Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing, pp. 33–36, IEEE, Cardiff, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4244-2709-3. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: computer simulations, Degradation, Filtering, multidimensional random variates, Multidimensional signal processing, Multidimensional systems, Nonlinear tracking, Outlier detection, predictive distributions, Signal processing, signal processing tools, signal-power observations, spatial depth, statistical analysis, statistical distributions, statistics, Target tracking, Testing @inproceedings{Maiz2009, title = {Particle Filtering in the Presence of Outliers}, author = {Cristina S Maiz and Joaquin Miguez and Petar M Djuric}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5278645}, isbn = {978-1-4244-2709-3}, year = {2009}, date = {2009-01-01}, booktitle = {2009 IEEE/SP 15th Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing}, pages = {33--36}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Cardiff}, abstract = {Particle filters have become very popular signal processing tools for problems that involve nonlinear tracking of an unobserved signal of interest given a series of related observations. In this paper we propose a new scheme for particle filtering when the observed data are possibly contaminated with outliers. An outlier is an observation that has been generated by some (unknown) mechanism different from the assumed model of the data. Therefore, when handled in the same way as regular observations, outliers may drastically degrade the performance of the particle filter. To address this problem, we introduce an auxiliary particle filtering scheme that incorporates an outlier detection step. We propose to implement it by means of a test involving statistics of the predictive distributions of the observations. Specifically, we investigate the use of a proposed statistic called spatial depth that can easily be applied to multidimensional random variates. The performance of the resulting algorithm is assessed by computer simulations of target tracking based on signal-power observations.}, keywords = {computer simulations, Degradation, Filtering, multidimensional random variates, Multidimensional signal processing, Multidimensional systems, Nonlinear tracking, Outlier detection, predictive distributions, Signal processing, signal processing tools, signal-power observations, spatial depth, statistical analysis, statistical distributions, statistics, Target tracking, Testing}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } Particle filters have become very popular signal processing tools for problems that involve nonlinear tracking of an unobserved signal of interest given a series of related observations. In this paper we propose a new scheme for particle filtering when the observed data are possibly contaminated with outliers. An outlier is an observation that has been generated by some (unknown) mechanism different from the assumed model of the data. Therefore, when handled in the same way as regular observations, outliers may drastically degrade the performance of the particle filter. To address this problem, we introduce an auxiliary particle filtering scheme that incorporates an outlier detection step. We propose to implement it by means of a test involving statistics of the predictive distributions of the observations. Specifically, we investigate the use of a proposed statistic called spatial depth that can easily be applied to multidimensional random variates. The performance of the resulting algorithm is assessed by computer simulations of target tracking based on signal-power observations. |

Vinuelas-Peris, Pablo; Artés-Rodríguez, Antonio Sensing Matrix Optimization in Distributed Compressed Sensing Inproceedings 2009 IEEE/SP 15th Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing, pp. 638–641, IEEE, Cardiff, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4244-2709-3. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Compressed sensing, Computer Simulation, computer simulations, correlated signal, Correlated signals, correlation theory, Dictionaries, distributed coding strategy, distributed compressed sensing, Distributed control, efficient projection method, Encoding, joint recovery method, Matching pursuit algorithms, Optimization methods, orthogonal matching pursuit, Projection Matrix Optimization, sensing matrix optimization, Sensor Network, Sensor phenomena and characterization, Sensor systems, Signal processing, Sparse matrices, Technological innovation @inproceedings{Vinuelas-Peris2009, title = {Sensing Matrix Optimization in Distributed Compressed Sensing}, author = {Pablo Vinuelas-Peris and Antonio Artés-Rodríguez}, url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=5278496}, isbn = {978-1-4244-2709-3}, year = {2009}, date = {2009-01-01}, booktitle = {2009 IEEE/SP 15th Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing}, pages = {638--641}, publisher = {IEEE}, address = {Cardiff}, abstract = {Distributed compressed sensing (DCS) seeks to simultaneously measure signals that are each individually sparse in some domain(s) and also mutually correlated. In this paper we consider the scenario in which the (overcomplete) bases for common component and innovations are different. We propose and analyze a distributed coding strategy for the common component, and also the use of efficient projection (EP) method for optimizing the sensing matrices in this setting. We show the effectiveness of our approach by computer simulations using the orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) as joint recovery method, and we discuss the configuration of the distribution strategy.}, keywords = {Compressed sensing, Computer Simulation, computer simulations, correlated signal, Correlated signals, correlation theory, Dictionaries, distributed coding strategy, distributed compressed sensing, Distributed control, efficient projection method, Encoding, joint recovery method, Matching pursuit algorithms, Optimization methods, orthogonal matching pursuit, Projection Matrix Optimization, sensing matrix optimization, Sensor Network, Sensor phenomena and characterization, Sensor systems, Signal processing, Sparse matrices, Technological innovation}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } Distributed compressed sensing (DCS) seeks to simultaneously measure signals that are each individually sparse in some domain(s) and also mutually correlated. In this paper we consider the scenario in which the (overcomplete) bases for common component and innovations are different. We propose and analyze a distributed coding strategy for the common component, and also the use of efficient projection (EP) method for optimizing the sensing matrices in this setting. We show the effectiveness of our approach by computer simulations using the orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) as joint recovery method, and we discuss the configuration of the distribution strategy. |